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city and capital of Papua propinsi (province), eastern Indonesia, on the northern coast of the island of New Guinea. It is a port on Jos Sudarso (Humboldt) Bay at the foot of Mount Cycloop (7,087 feet [2,160 metres]). During World War II the Japanese established an air base there; Allied forces took the area in 1944, and Hollandia became the headquarters of General Douglas MacArthur. Industries now produce furniture, textiles, beverages, chemicals, and transport equipment. It has an airport and is the site of the University of Cenderawasih (founded 1962). Pop. (2000) 155,548.