dock

1 [dok]
noun
1.
a landing pier.
2.
the space or waterway between two piers or wharves, as for receiving a ship while in port.
3.
such a waterway, enclosed or open, together with the surrounding piers, wharves, etc.
5.
a platform for loading and unloading trucks, railway freight cars, etc.
6.
an airplane hangar or repair shed.
7.
Also called scene dock. a place in a theater near the stage or beneath the floor of the stage for the storage of scenery.
verb (used with object)
8.
to bring (a ship or boat) into a dock; lay up in a dock.
9.
to place in dry dock, as for repairs, cleaning, or painting.
10.
to join (a space vehicle) with another or with a space station in outer space.
verb (used without object)
11.
to come or go into a dock or dry dock.
12.
(of two space vehicles) to join together in outer space.

Origin:
1505–15; < Middle Dutch doc(ke)

Dictionary.com Unabridged

dock

2 [dok]
noun
1.
the solid or fleshy part of an animal's tail, as distinguished from the hair.
2.
the part of a tail left after cutting or clipping.
verb (used with object)
3.
to cut off the end of; cut short: to dock a tail.
4.
to cut short the tail of: to dock a horse.
5.
to deduct from the wages of, usually as a punishment: The boss docked him a day's pay.
6.
to deduct from (wages): The boss docked his paycheck $20.

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English dok, Old English -docca, in fingirdoccana (genitive plural) finger muscles; cognate with Frisian dok, Low German docke bundle, Icelandic dokkur stumpy tail, Middle High German tocke bundle, sheaf

dock

3 [dok]
noun
1.
the place in a courtroom where a prisoner is placed during trial.
Idioms
2.
in the dock, being tried in a court, especially a criminal court; on trial.

Origin:
1580–90; perhaps < Dutch dok (dial. sense) cage, poultry pen, rabbit hutch

dock

4 [dok]
noun
1.
any of various weedy plants belonging to the genus Rumex, of the buckwheat family, as R. obtusifolius (bitter dock) or R. acetosa (sour dock) having long taproots.
2.
any of various other plants, mostly coarse weeds.

Origin:
before 1000; Middle English dokke, Old English docce; cognate with Middle Dutch docke, Middle High German tocke

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
dock1 (dɒk)
 
n
1.  a wharf or pier
2.  a space between two wharves or piers for the mooring of ships
3.  an area of water that can accommodate a ship and can be closed off to allow regulation of the water level
4.  short for dry dock
5.  short for scene dock
6.  chiefly (US), (Canadian) a platform from which lorries, goods trains, etc, are loaded and unloaded
 
vb
7.  to moor (a vessel) at a dock or (of a vessel) to be moored at a dock
8.  to put (a vessel) into a dry dock for repairs or (of a vessel) to come into a dry dock
9.  (of two spacecraft) to link together in space or link together (two spacecraft) in space
 
[C14: from Middle Dutch docke; perhaps related to Latin ducere to lead]

dock2 (dɒk)
 
n
1.  the bony part of the tail of an animal, esp a dog or sheep
2.  the part of an animal's tail left after the major part of it has been cut off
 
vb
3.  to remove (the tail or part of the tail) of (an animal) by cutting through the bone: to dock a tail; to dock a horse
4.  to deduct (an amount) from (a person's wages, pension, etc): they docked a third of his wages
 
[C14: dok, of uncertain origin]

dock3 (dɒk)
 
n
an enclosed space in a court of law where the accused sits or stands during his trial
 
[C16: from Flemish dok sty]

dock4 (dɒk)
 
n
1.  any of various temperate weedy plants of the polygonaceous genus Rumex, having greenish or reddish flowers and typically broad leaves
2.  any of several similar or related plants
 
[Old English docce; related to Middle Dutch, Old Danish docke, Gaelic dogha]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

dock
"ship's berth," late 15c., from M.Du. or M.L.G. docke, perhaps ultimately (via L.L. *ductia "aqueduct") from L. ducere "to lead" (see duke); or possibly from a Scand. word for "low ground" (cf. Norw. dokk "hollow, low ground"). Original sense was "furrow a grounded vessel makes
in a mud bank." Related: Docked; docking.

dock
"where accused stands in court," 1586, originally rogue's slang, from Flem. dok "pen or cage for animals," origin unknown.

dock
"cut an animal's tail," late 14c., from dok (n.) "fleshy part of an animal's tail," related to O.E. -docca "muscle," from P.Gmc. *dokko "something round, bundle" (cf. O.N. dokka "bundle, girl," Dan. dukke "doll," Ger. Docke "small column, bundle, doll, smart girl"). Meaning "to reduce (someone's) pay
for some infraction" is first recorded 1822. Related: Docked; docking.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

dock

see in the dock.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
Cite This Source
Example sentences
Cruise ships dock here regularly, spilling hundreds of tourists onto the main
  waterfront boulevard.
As he was a best-selling author of the day, the press met him at the dock.
Several former heads of state have also found themselves in the dock on
  war-crimes charges.
The wall allows deep-hulled ships to dock at the city's edge.
Idioms & Phrases
Images for dock
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