1 [dok]
a landing pier.
the space or waterway between two piers or wharves, as for receiving a ship while in port.
such a waterway, enclosed or open, together with the surrounding piers, wharves, etc.
a platform for loading and unloading trucks, railway freight cars, etc.
an airplane hangar or repair shed.
Also called scene dock. a place in a theater near the stage or beneath the floor of the stage for the storage of scenery.
verb (used with object)
to bring (a ship or boat) into a dock; lay up in a dock.
to place in dry dock, as for repairs, cleaning, or painting.
to join (a space vehicle) with another or with a space station in outer space.
verb (used without object)
to come or go into a dock or dry dock.
(of two space vehicles) to join together in outer space.

1505–15; < Middle Dutch doc(ke) Unabridged


2 [dok]
the solid or fleshy part of an animal's tail, as distinguished from the hair.
the part of a tail left after cutting or clipping.
verb (used with object)
to cut off the end of; cut short: to dock a tail.
to cut short the tail of: to dock a horse.
to deduct from the wages of, usually as a punishment: The boss docked him a day's pay.
to deduct from (wages): The boss docked his paycheck $20.

1300–50; Middle English dok, Old English -docca, in fingirdoccana (genitive plural) finger muscles; cognate with Frisian dok, Low German docke bundle, Icelandic dokkur stumpy tail, Middle High German tocke bundle, sheaf Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
dock1 (dɒk)
1.  a wharf or pier
2.  a space between two wharves or piers for the mooring of ships
3.  an area of water that can accommodate a ship and can be closed off to allow regulation of the water level
4.  short for dry dock
5.  short for scene dock
6.  chiefly (US), (Canadian) a platform from which lorries, goods trains, etc, are loaded and unloaded
7.  to moor (a vessel) at a dock or (of a vessel) to be moored at a dock
8.  to put (a vessel) into a dry dock for repairs or (of a vessel) to come into a dry dock
9.  (of two spacecraft) to link together in space or link together (two spacecraft) in space
[C14: from Middle Dutch docke; perhaps related to Latin ducere to lead]

dock2 (dɒk)
1.  the bony part of the tail of an animal, esp a dog or sheep
2.  the part of an animal's tail left after the major part of it has been cut off
3.  to remove (the tail or part of the tail) of (an animal) by cutting through the bone: to dock a tail; to dock a horse
4.  to deduct (an amount) from (a person's wages, pension, etc): they docked a third of his wages
[C14: dok, of uncertain origin]

dock3 (dɒk)
an enclosed space in a court of law where the accused sits or stands during his trial
[C16: from Flemish dok sty]

dock4 (dɒk)
1.  any of various temperate weedy plants of the polygonaceous genus Rumex, having greenish or reddish flowers and typically broad leaves
2.  any of several similar or related plants
[Old English docce; related to Middle Dutch, Old Danish docke, Gaelic dogha]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"ship's berth," late 15c., from M.Du. or M.L.G. docke, perhaps ultimately (via L.L. *ductia "aqueduct") from L. ducere "to lead" (see duke); or possibly from a Scand. word for "low ground" (cf. Norw. dokk "hollow, low ground"). Original sense was "furrow a grounded vessel makes
in a mud bank." Related: Docked; docking.

"where accused stands in court," 1586, originally rogue's slang, from Flem. dok "pen or cage for animals," origin unknown.

"cut an animal's tail," late 14c., from dok (n.) "fleshy part of an animal's tail," related to O.E. -docca "muscle," from P.Gmc. *dokko "something round, bundle" (cf. O.N. dokka "bundle, girl," Dan. dukke "doll," Ger. Docke "small column, bundle, doll, smart girl"). Meaning "to reduce (someone's) pay
for some infraction" is first recorded 1822. Related: Docked; docking.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Companies that continue to spew excess calories get docked.
It would have been docked in space, awaiting the call of duty.
When docked, iPod has no physical support other than its universal connector.
He could not be fired, docked in pay or criticized in public.
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