dogtooth violet

dogtooth violet

noun
1.
Also called adder's-tongue, trout lily. any of several North American lilies of the genus Erythronium, having nodding flowers and usually mottled leaves.
2.
a related Old World plant, E. dens-canis, having purplish flowers.

Origin:
1620–30

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
dogtooth violet
 
n
adders-tongue, Also called: fawn lily a name for various plants of the liliaceous genus Erythronium, esp the North American E. americanum, with yellow nodding flowers, or the European E. dens-canis, with purple flowers

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

dogtooth violet

genus of about 20 species of spring-blooming plants of the family Liliaceae, commonly known as dog's tooth violet. All the species are native to North America except for the purple- or pink-flowered dog's tooth violet of Europe (E. dens-canis). The nodding flowers, usually one to a plant or in small clusters, range in colour from white to purple. The two leaves, borne at the base of the plant, often are covered with white or brown spots. The fruit is a pod. The common dog's tooth violet, or adder's tongue, of North America is E. americanum. It has yellow flowers and brown-mottled leaves. Several species of Erythronium are grown as rock-garden ornamentals.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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