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Doric

[dawr-ik, dor-] /ˈdɔr ɪk, ˈdɒr-/
adjective
1.
of or relating to Doris, its inhabitants, or their dialect.
2.
rustic, as a dialect.
3.
Architecture. noting or pertaining to one of the five classical orders, developed in Greece and altered by the Romans. The Greek Doric order consists typically of a channeled column without a base, having as a capital a circular echinus supporting a square abacus, above which come a plain architrave, a frieze of triglyphs and metopes, and a cornice, the corona of which has mutules on its soffit. In the Roman Doric order, the columns usually have bases, the channeling is sometimes altered or omitted, and the capital usually consists of three parts: a thick, bandlike necking, an echinus with an ovolo outline, and a molded abacus.
Compare composite (def 2), Corinthian (def 2), Ionic (def 1), Tuscan (def 2).
noun
4.
a dialect of ancient Greek spoken on Rhodes and other islands of the Dodecanese, in Crete, in Syracuse, and in all of the Peloponnesus except Arcadia.
5.
rustic English speech.
Origin of Doric
1555-1565
1555-65; < Latin Dōricus < Greek Dōrikós Dorian
Related forms
pre-Doric, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for Doric
Historical Examples
  • Before o-sounds ε here and in some other Doric dialects changed to ι: θιός, σιός for θεός “god.”

  • Triglyph, the channelled feature in the frieze of the Doric order.

    Architecture Thomas Roger Smith
  • Sixteen white marble Doric columns form the arcade on each of the four sides.

    Cathedral Cities of Italy William Wiehe Collins
  • The shaft (Figs. 67, 70) is of more slender proportions than the Doric shaft.

    Architecture Thomas Roger Smith
  • The Doric order reigned supreme throughout the great period from the sixth till the end of the fifth century B. C.

  • Perhaps the only fault of the detail is that the Doric pilasters and columns are too tall.

    Portuguese Architecture Walter Crum Watson
  • The entablature (Fig. 70) is, generally speaking, richer than that of the Doric order.

    Architecture Thomas Roger Smith
  • The redwoods of the West become columns of Doric eloquence and simplicity.

    Adventures in the Arts Marsden Hartley
  • The Doric couplets on two beautiful boys, and the love sonnet to the youth Chrysocomus, read like extracts from the Μοῦσα παιδική.

    Renaissance in Italy, Volume 2 (of 7) John Addington Symonds
  • The pillars of this cloister were Doric on the ground-floor, Ionic above.

    The Care of Books John Willis Clark
British Dictionary definitions for Doric

Doric

/ˈdɒrɪk/
adjective
1.
of or relating to the Dorians, esp the Spartans, or their dialect of Ancient Greek
2.
of, denoting, or relating to one of the five classical orders of architecture: characterized by a column having no base, a heavy fluted shaft, and a capital consisting of an ovolo moulding beneath a square abacus See also Ionic, composite (sense 4), Corinthian, Tuscan
3.
(sometimes not capital) rustic
noun
4.
one of four chief dialects of Ancient Greek, spoken chiefly in the Peloponnese Compare Aeolic, Arcadic, Ionic See also Attic (sense 3)
5.
any rural dialect, esp that spoken in the northeast of Scotland
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Doric
adj.

1560s, see Dorian; in reference to the architectural order, 1610s. The Doric dialect in ancient Greek theater was broad and rustic, hence it has been applied in English to northern and Scots dialects (1837).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Doric in Culture

Doric definition


One of the three main styles of Greek architecture (the others are Corinthian and Ionic). The Doric column is heavy and fluted; its capital is plain.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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