dormancy

[dawr-muhn-see]
noun
the state of being dormant.

Origin:
1780–90; dorm(ant) + -ancy

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World English Dictionary
dormant (ˈdɔːmənt)
 
adj
1.  quiet and inactive, as during sleep
2.  latent or inoperative
3.  (of a volcano) neither extinct nor erupting
4.  biology alive but in a resting torpid condition with suspended growth and reduced metabolism
5.  (usually postpositive) heraldry (of a beast) in a sleeping position
 
[C14: from Old French dormant, from dormir to sleep, from Latin dormīre]
 
'dormancy
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

dormancy
1789, from dormant + -cy.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

dormancy

state of reduced metabolic activity adopted by many organisms under conditions of environmental stress or, often, as in winter, when such stressful conditions are likely to appear.

Learn more about dormancy with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
The sap will start circulating and take them out of dormancy, then it gets cold
  again and freezes the rose.
At the end of the growing season, the leaf dies and the tuber returns to
  dormancy.
It blooms at the end of the rainy season, when many other trees are lapsing
  into dormancy and no longer making fruit.
Once they mature, the trees benefit from yearly pruning during dormancy.
Synonyms
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