Also called dowel pin. Carpentry. a pin, usually round, fitting into holes in two adjacent pieces to prevent their slipping or to align them.
a piece of wood driven into a hole drilled in a masonry wall to receive nails, as for fastening woodwork.
a round wooden rod of relatively small diameter.
Dentistry. a peg, usually of metal, set into the root canal of a natural tooth to give additional support to an artificial crown.
verb (used with object), doweled, doweling or (especially British) dowelled, dowelling.
to reinforce or furnish with a dowel or dowels.

1300–50; Middle English dowle < Middle Low German dovel plug; compare German Döbel, Dübel, Old High German tubili

undoweled, adjective
undowelled, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
dowel (ˈdaʊəl)
Also called: dowel pin a wooden or metal peg that fits into two corresponding holes to join two adjacent parts
[C14: from Middle Low German dövel plug, from Old High German tubili; related to Greek thuphos wedge]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

early 14c., dule "rim or section of a wheel," perhaps akin to M.L.G. dovel "plug, tap" (of a cask). Modern meaning is first attested 1794.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
To make the axles, use a wood screw to hold the center of each can to a
  half-inch-diameter wooden dowel.
One stem at a time, place the cuttings inside the dowel circle.
Trim the edges to round them, then glue them around the wood stem or dowel.
Reduced number of dowel bar across transverse joints.
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