downless

down

2 [doun]
noun
1.
the soft, first plumage of many young birds.
2.
the soft under plumage of birds as distinct from the contour feathers.
3.
the under plumage of some birds, as geese and ducks, used for filling in quilts, clothing, etc., chiefly for warmth.
4.
a growth of soft, fine hair or the like.
5.
Botany.
a.
a fine, soft pubescence on plants and some fruits.
b.
the light, feathery pappus or coma on seeds by which they are borne on the wind, as on the dandelion and thistle.
adjective
6.
filled with down: a down jacket.

Origin:
1325–75; Middle English downe < Old Norse dūnn

downless, adjective
downlike, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
down1 (daʊn)
 
prep
1.  used to indicate movement from a higher to a lower position: they went down the mountain
2.  at a lower or further level or position on, in, or along: he ran down the street
 
adv
3.  downwards; at or to a lower level or position: don't fall down
4.  (particle) used with many verbs when the result of the verb's action is to lower or destroy its object: pull down; knock down; bring down
5.  (particle) used with several verbs to indicate intensity or completion: calm down
6.  immediately: cash down
7.  on paper: write this down
8.  arranged; scheduled: the meeting is down for next week
9.  in a helpless position: they had him down on the ground
10.  a.  away from a more important place: down from London
 b.  away from a more northerly place: down from Scotland
 c.  (of a member of some British universities) away from the university; on vacation
 d.  in a particular part of a country: down south
11.  nautical (of a helm) having the rudder to windward
12.  reduced to a state of lack or want: down to the last pound
13.  lacking a specified amount: at the end of the day the cashier was ten pounds down
14.  lower in price: bacon is down
15.  including all intermediate terms, grades, people, etc: from managing director down to tea-lady
16.  from an earlier to a later time: the heirloom was handed down
17.  to a finer or more concentrated state: to grind down; boil down
18.  sport being a specified number of points, goals, etc behind another competitor, team, etc: six goals down
19.  (of a person) being inactive, owing to illness: down with flu
20.  (functioning as imperative) (to dogs): down Rover!
21.  (functioning as imperative) down with wanting the end of somebody or something: down with the king!
22.  (Austral), (NZ) get down on something to procure something, esp in advance of needs or in anticipation of someone else
 
adj
23.  (postpositive) depressed or miserable
24.  (prenominal) of or relating to a train or trains from a more important place or one regarded as higher: the down line
25.  (postpositive) (of a device, machine, etc, esp a computer) temporarily out of action
26.  made in cash: a down payment
27.  down to the responsibility or fault of: this defeat was down to me
28.  informal down with
 a.  having a good understanding of: down with computers
 b.  in agreement with: completely down with that idea
 c.  enjoying mutual friendship and respect with: down with the kids
 
vb
29.  (tr) to knock, push or pull down
30.  (intr) to go or come down
31.  informal (tr) to drink, esp quickly: he downed three gins
32.  (tr) to bring (someone) down, esp by tackling
 
n
33.  American football one of a maximum of four consecutive attempts by one team to advance the ball a total of at least ten yards
34.  a descent; downward movement
35.  a lowering or a poor period (esp in the phrase ups and downs)
36.  informal have a down on to bear ill will towards (someone or something)
 
[Old English dūne, short for adūne, variant of of dūne, literally: from the hill, from of, off + dūn hill; see down3]

down2 (daʊn)
 
n
1.  the soft fine feathers with free barbs that cover the body of a bird and prevent loss of heat. In the adult they lie beneath and between the contour feathers
2.  another name for eiderdown
3.  botany a fine coating of soft hairs, as on certain leaves, fruits, and seeds
4.  any growth or coating of soft fine hair, such as that on the human face
 
[C14: of Scandinavian origin; related to Old Norse dūnn]

down3 (daʊn)
 
n
archaic downs See also Downs a hill, esp a sand dune
 
[Old English dūn; related to Old Frisian dūne, Old Saxon dūna hill, Old Irish dūn fortress, Greek this sandbank; see dune, town]

Down1 (daʊn)
 
n
1.  a district of SE Northern Ireland, in Co Down. Pop: 65 195 (2003 est). Area: 649 sq km (250 sq miles)
2.  a historical county of SE Northern Ireland, on the Irish Sea: generally hilly, rising to the Mountains of Mourne: in 1973 it was replaced for administrative purposes by the districts of Ards, Banbridge, Castlereagh, Down, Newry and Mourne, North Down, and part of Lisburn. Area: 2466 sq km (952 sq miles)

Down2 (daʊn)
 
n
1.  See also Dorset Down any of various lowland breeds of sheep, typically of stocky build and having dense close wool, originating from various parts of southern England, such as Oxford, Hampshire, etc
2.  another name for Hampshire Down

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

down
O.E. ofdune "downwards," from dune "from the hill," dative of dun "hill" (see down (n.2)). Used as a preposition since c.1500. Sense of "depressed mentally" is attested from c.1600. Slang sense of "aware, wide awake" is attested from 1812. Computer sense is from 1965. Down-and-out
is from 1889, Amer.Eng., from situation of a beaten prizefighter. Down home (adj.) is 1931, Amer.Eng.; down the hatch as a toast is from 1931; down to the wire is 1901, from horse-racing. Down time is from 1952. Down under "Australia and New Zealand" attested from 1886; Down East "Maine" is from 1825.

down
"soft feathers," c.1369, from O.N. dunn, perhaps ult. from PIE base *dheu- "to fly about (like dust), to whirl, shake."

down
O.E. dun "hill," from Celtic word for "hill, citadel" (cf. O.Ir. dun "hill, hill fort," and second element in place names London, Verdun, etc.), from PIE base *dheue- "to close, finish, come full circle" (cf. O.E. dun "hill," M.Du. dune "sandy hill"). Meaning "elevated rolling grassland" is from c.1300.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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