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dragoon

[druh-goon] /drəˈgun/
noun
1.
(especially formerly) a European cavalryman of a heavily armed troop.
2.
a member of a military unit formerly composed of such cavalrymen, as in the British army.
3.
(formerly) a mounted infantryman armed with a short musket.
verb (used with object)
4.
to set dragoons or soldiers upon; persecute by armed force; oppress.
5.
to force by oppressive measures; coerce:
The authorities dragooned the peasants into leaving their farms.
Origin of dragoon
1615-1625
1615-25; < French dragon, special use of dragon dragon, applied first to a pistol hammer (so named because of its shape), then to the firearm, then to the troops so armed
Related forms
dragoonage, noun
undragooned, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for dragoon
Historical Examples
  • Suddenly a dragoon is heard thundering up the narrow street; it is a despatch from the south.

    Sir Charles Napier Sir William Francis Butler
  • In any case, the dragoon was obviously plethoric and would be the better for a blood-letting.

    Captain Blood Rafael Sabatini
  • Then a dragoon, mounted on a large bay horse, was seen pressing him closely, and at length laying hold of the tail.

    The White Chief Mayne Reid
  • When you crossed the summits of the dragoon Mountains you were beyond the pale.

    When the West Was Young Frederick R. Bechdolt
  • The peddler took the hint, and closed the door immediately, using the precaution suggested by the dragoon.

    The Spy J. Fenimore Cooper
  • "Yes, we are all right here; I know his helmet,—this is it," said the dragoon.

  • Among these we saw one shewing his hat cut through by the sabre of a French dragoon.

    Letters from Spain Joseph Blanco White
  • "You don't know what a good fellow Joe is," said the dragoon.

  • An interesting detail is the letter "A" on the half-sunburst plate of the dragoon helmet device.

    American Military Insignia 1800-1851 J. Duncan Campbell and Edgar M. Howell.
  • But this was a bit of a fop, Adonis, dragoon,—so Venus remained in tête-à-tête with him.

British Dictionary definitions for dragoon

dragoon

/drəˈɡuːn/
noun
1.
(originally) a mounted infantryman armed with a carbine
2.
(sometimes capital) a domestic fancy pigeon
3.
  1. a type of cavalryman
  2. (pl; cap when part of a name): the Royal Dragoons
verb (transitive)
4.
to coerce; force: he was dragooned into admitting it
5.
to persecute by military force
Derived Forms
dragoonage, noun
Word Origin
C17: from French dragon (special use of dragon), soldier armed with a carbine, perhaps suggesting that a carbine, like a dragon, breathed forth fire
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for dragoon
n.

1620s, from French dragon "carbine, musket," because the guns the soldiers carried "breathed fire" like a dragon (see dragon). Also see -oon.

v.

1680s, literally "to force by the agency of dragoons" (which were used by the French kings to persecute Protestants), from dragoon (n.). Related: Dragooned; dragooning.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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dragoon in Technology
language
A distributed, concurrent, object-oriented Ada-based language developed in the Esprit DRAGON project by Colin Atkinson at Imperial College in 1989 (Now at University of Houston, Clear Lake). DRAGOON supports object-oriented programming for embeddable systems and is presently implemented as an Ada preprocessor.
["Object-Oriented Reuse, Concurrency and Distribution: An Ada-Based Approach", C. Atkinson, A-W 1991, ISBN 0-2015-6-5277].
(1999-11-22)
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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