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draught

[draft, drahft] /dræft, drɑft/
noun
1.
draughts, (used with a singular verb) British. the game of checkers.
2.
Chiefly British, draft (defs 1, 3–10, 18–25, 38).
verb (used with object)
3.
Chiefly British, draft (defs 28–32).
verb (used without object)
4.
Chiefly British, draft (def 33).
adjective
5.
Chiefly British, draft (defs 35–37).
Origin of draught
1150-1200
1150-1200; Middle English draht (cognate with Dutch dracht, German Tracht, Old Norse drāttr); akin to Old English dragan to draw, drōht a pull (at the oars)
Related forms
draughter, noun
underdraught, noun
Can be confused
draft, draught, drought (see pronunciation note at the current entry)
Pronunciation note
Draught is a variant spelling of draft and is normally pronounced the same way, as
[draft] /dræft/ (Show IPA)
or
[drahft] /drɑft/
or with a vowel somewhere between
[a] /æ/
and
[ah] /ɑ/ .
A pronunciation
[drawt] /drɔt/
is sometimes heard for draught, perhaps because -aught is frequently pronounced
[-awt] /-ɔt/
elsewhere, as in caught and taught.

checker1

or (British) chequer

[chek-er] /ˈtʃɛk ər/
noun
1.
a small, usually red or black disk of plastic or wood, used in playing checkers.
2.
checkers.
  1. Also called, British, draughts. (used with a singular verb) a game played by two persons, each with 12 playing pieces, on a checkerboard.
  2. (in a regenerative furnace) loosely stacked brickwork through which furnace gases and incoming air are passed in turn, so that the heat of the exhaust is absorbed and later transferred to the incoming air.
3.
a checkered pattern.
4.
one of the squares of a checkered pattern.
verb (used with object)
5.
to mark like a checkerboard.
6.
to diversify in color; variegate.
7.
to diversify in character; subject to alternations:
Sorrow and joy have checkered his life.
Origin
1250-1300; Middle English checker chessboard < Anglo-French escheker (by aphesis), equivalent to eschec check1 + -er -er2

draft

or (especially British) draught (for defs 1, 3–10, 18–25, 28-33, 35-38)

[draft, drahft] /dræft, drɑft/
noun
1.
a drawing, sketch, or design.
2.
a first or preliminary form of any writing, subject to revision, copying, etc.
3.
act of drawing; delineation.
4.
a current of air in any enclosed space, especially in a room, chimney, or stove.
5.
a current of air moving in an upward or downward direction.
6.
a device for regulating the current of air in a stove, fireplace, etc.
7.
an act of drawing or pulling loads.
8.
something that is drawn or pulled; a haul.
9.
an animal or team of animals used to pull a load.
10.
the force required to pull a load.
11.
the taking of supplies, forces, money, etc., from a given source.
12.
a selection or drawing of persons, by lot or otherwise, from the general body of the people for military service; levy; conscription.
13.
the persons so selected.
14.
Sports. a selecting or drawing of new players from a choice group of amateur players by professional teams, especially a system of selecting new players so that each team in a professional league receives some of the most promising players.
15.
British. a selection of persons already in military service to be sent from one post or organization to another; detachment.
16.
a written order drawn by one person upon another; a writing directing the payment of money on account of the drawer; bill of exchange.
17.
a drain or demand made on anything.
18.
19.
an act of drinking or inhaling.
20.
something that is taken in by drinking or inhaling; a drink; dose.
21.
a quantity of fish caught.
22.
Nautical. the depth to which a vessel is immersed when bearing a given load.
23.
Also called leave. Metallurgy. the slight taper given to a pattern so that it may be drawn from the sand without injury to the mold.
24.
Metalworking.
  1. the change in sectional area of a piece of work caused by a rolling or drawing operation.
  2. a taper on a die or punch permitting it to be withdrawn readily from the work.
25.
Masonry. a line or border chiseled at the edge of a stone, to serve as a guide in leveling the surfaces.
26.
Textiles.
  1. the degree of attenuation produced in fibers during yarn processing, expressed either by the ratio of the weight of raw to the weight of processed fiber, or by the ratio between the varying surface speeds of the rollers on the carding machine.
  2. the act of attenuating the fibers.
27.
an allowance granted to a buyer for waste of goods sold by weight.
verb (used with object)
28.
to draw the outlines or plan of; sketch.
29.
to draw up in written form; compose.
30.
to draw or pull.
31.
to take or select by draft, especially for military service.
32.
Masonry. to cut a draft on.
verb (used without object)
33.
to do mechanical drawing; work as a draftsman.
34.
(in an automobile race) to drive or ride close behind another car so as to benefit from the reduction in air pressure created behind the car ahead.
adjective
35.
used or suited for drawing loads:
a draft horse.
36.
drawn or available to be drawn from a cask rather than served from a sealed bottle:
draft ale.
37.
being a tentative or preliminary outline, version, design, or sketch.
Idioms
38.
on draft, available to be drawn from a cask rather than from a sealed bottle:
imported beer on draft.
Origin
later spelling of draught (since 16th century)
Related forms
draftable, adjective
drafter, noun
antidraft, adjective
predraft, noun, verb (used with object)
redraft, verb (used with object)
undraftable, adjective
undrafted, adjective
Can be confused
draft, draught.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for draughts
Historical Examples
British Dictionary definitions for draughts

draughts

/drɑːfts/
noun
1.
(functioning as sing) a game for two players using a draughtboard and 12 draughtsmen each. The object is to jump over and capture the opponent's pieces US and Canadian name checkers
Word Origin
C14: plural of draught (in obsolete sense: a chess move)

checker1

/ˈtʃɛkə/
noun, verb
1.
the usual US spelling of chequer
noun
2.
(textiles) a variant spelling of chequer (sense 2)
3.
(US & Canadian) any one of the 12 flat thick discs used by each player in the game of checkers Also called (in Britain and certain other countries) draughtsman

checker2

/ˈtʃɛkə/
noun (mainly US & Canadian)
1.
a cashier, esp in a supermarket
2.
an attendant in a cloakroom, left-luggage office, etc

draft

/drɑːft/
noun
1.
a plan, sketch, or drawing of something
2.
a preliminary outline of a book, speech, etc
3.
another word for bill of exchange
4.
a demand or drain on something
5.
the divergent duct leading from a water turbine to its tailrace
6.
(US) selection for compulsory military service
7.
detachment of military personnel from one unit to another
8.
(commerce) an allowance on merchandise sold by weight
9.
a line or narrow border that is chiselled on the surface of a stone to serve as a guide for levelling it
10.
(Austral & NZ) a group of livestock separated from the rest of the herd or flock
verb (transitive)
11.
to draw up an outline or sketch for something: to draft a speech
12.
to prepare a plan or design of
13.
to detach (military personnel) from one unit to another
14.
(mainly US) to select for compulsory military service
15.
to chisel a draft on (stone, etc)
16.
(Austral & NZ)
  1. to select (cattle or sheep) from a herd or flock
  2. to select (farm stock) for sale
noun, verb
17.
the usual US spelling of draught (sense 1), draught (sense 2), draught (sense 3), draught (sense 4), draught (sense 5), draught (sense 6), draught (sense 7), draught (sense 8), draught (sense 11)
Derived Forms
drafter, noun
Word Origin
C16: variant of draught

draught

/drɑːft/
noun
1.
a current of air, esp one intruding into an enclosed space
2.
  1. the act of pulling a load, as by a vehicle or animal
  2. (as modifier): a draught horse
3.
the load or quantity drawn
4.
a portion of liquid to be drunk, esp a dose of medicine
5.
the act or an instance of drinking; a gulp or swallow
6.
the act or process of drawing air, smoke, etc, into the lungs
7.
the amount of air, smoke, etc, inhaled in one breath
8.
  1. beer, wine, etc, stored in bulk, esp in a cask, as opposed to being bottled
  2. (as modifier): draught beer
  3. on draught, drawn from a cask or keg
9.
Also called draughtsman. any one of the 12 flat thick discs used by each player in the game of draughts US and Canadian equivalent checker
10.
the depth of a loaded vessel in the water, taken from the level of the waterline to the lowest point of the hull
11.
feel the draught, to be short of money
See also draughts
Derived Forms
draughter, (US) drafter, noun
Word Origin
C14: probably from Old Norse drahtr, of Germanic origin; related to draw
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for draughts
n.

British name for the tabletop game that in U.S. is checkers, c.1400, from draught, perhaps because the pieces are "dragged" over the board in moves. Earlier it is recorded as jeu de dames (late 14c.).

checker

n.

mid-13c., "game of chess (or checkers);" c.1300, "a chessboard, board with 64 squares for playing chess or similar games; a set of chessmen" a shortening of Old French eschequier "chessboard; a game of chess," from Medieval Latin scaccarium (see check (n.)).

Meaning "pattern of squares" is late 14c. Meaning "a man or marker in the game of checkers" is from 1864. British prefers chequer. From late 14c. as "a checked design." The word had earlier senses of "table covered with checked cloth for counting" (late 12c. in Anglo-Latin), a sense also in Old French (see checker (n.2)).

"table covered with a checked cloth," specialized sense of checker (n.1), late 14c. (in Anglo-Latin from c.1300); especially a table for counting money or keeping accounts (revenue reckoned with counters); later extended to "the fiscal department of the English Crown; the Exchequer (mid-14c.; in Anglo-Latin from late 12c.).

v.

"to ornament with a checked or chackered design," late 14c. (implied in checkered), from Old French eschequeré and from checker (n.1). Related: Checkering.

draft

n.

c.1500, spelling variant of draught (q.v.) to reflect change in pronunciation. Among the senses that have gone with this form of the word in American English, the meaning "rough copy of a writing" (something "drawn") is attested from 14c.; that of "preliminary sketch from which a final copy is made" is from 1520s; that of "flow of a current of air" is from c.1770. Of beer from the 1830s, in reference to the method of "drawing" it from the cask. Sense in bank draft is from 1745. The meaning "a drawing off a group for special duty" is from 1703, in U.S. especially of military service; the verb in this sense first recorded 1714. Related: Drafted; drafting.

draught

n.

c.1200, from Old English *dreaht, *dræht, related to dragan "to draw, drag" (see drag). Oldest sense besides that of "pulling" is of "drinking." It retains the functions that did not branch off with draft (q.v.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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draughts in Medicine

draft (drāft)
n.
A measured portion of a liquid or aerosol medication; a dose.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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draughts in Culture

draft definition


A preliminary version of a book, speech, essay, or outline.

draft definition


A system for selecting young men for compulsory military service, administered in the United States by the Selective Service System. At present the United States relies on a volunteer military and does not have a draft, though young men are required by law to register with the Selective Service. (See also conscientious objector and draft dodger.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for draughts

draft

verb

To drive close behind a vehicle so as to be drawn by reduced air pressure: The point person takes on the wind, allowing those behind him to draft and save as much as 20% of their energy (1970s+ Car racing)

Related Terms

feel a draft

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Word Value for draughts

13
14
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