dromedary

dromedary

[drom-i-der-ee, druhm-]
noun, plural dromedaries.
the single-humped camel, Camelus dromedarius, of Arabia and northern Africa.
Compare Bactrian camel.


Origin:
1300–50; Middle English dromedarie, -ary (< Anglo-French) < Late Latin dromedārius (camēlus) < Greek dromad- (stem of dromás) running + Latin -ārius -ary

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Collins
World English Dictionary
dromedary (ˈdrʌmədərɪ, -drɪ, ˈdrɒm-)
 
n , pl -daries
1.  a type of Arabian camel bred for racing and riding, having a single hump and long slender legs
2.  another name for Arabian camel
 
[C14: from Late Latin dromedārius (camēlus), from Greek dromas running]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

dromedary
late 13c., from O.Fr. dromadaire, from L.L. dromedarius "kind of camel," from L. dromas (gen. dromados), from Gk. dromas kamelos "running camel," from dromos "a race course," from PIE *drem-, from possible base *der- "to run, walk, step" (cf. Skt. dramati "runs, goes," Gk. dromas "running," M.H.G. tremen
"to rock, shake, sway"). One-humped Arabian camels were bred and trained for riding. A charming early variant was drumbledairy (1560s).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Dromedary definition


(Isa. 60:6), an African or Arabian species of camel having only one hump, while the Bactrian camel has two. It is distinguished from the camel only as a trained saddle-horse is distinguished from a cart-horse. It is remarkable for its speed (Jer. 2:23). Camels are frequently spoken of in partriarchal times (Gen. 12:16; 24:10; 30:43; 31:17, etc.). They were used for carrying burdens (Gen. 37:25; Judg. 6:5), and for riding (Gen. 24:64). The hair of the camel falls off of itself in spring, and is woven into coarse cloths and garments (Matt. 3:4). (See CAMEL.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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