duke

[dook, dyook]
noun
1.
(in Continental Europe) the male ruler of a duchy; the sovereign of a small state.
2.
a British nobleman holding the highest hereditary title outside the royal family, ranking immediately below a prince and above a marquis; a member of the highest rank of the British peerage. Compare royal duke.
3.
a nobleman of corresponding rank in certain other countries.
4.
a cultivated hybrid of the sweet and sour cherry.
5.
dukes, Slang. fists; hands: Put up your dukes.
verb (used with object), duked, duking.
6.
Slang. to hit or thrash with the fists (sometimes followed by out ): He duked me because he said I had insulted him. The bully said he was going to duke out anyone who disagreed.
Idioms
7.
duke it out, to fight, especially with the fists; do battle: The adversaries were prepared to duke it out in the alley.

Origin:
1100–50; Middle English duke, duc, late Old English duc < Old French duc, dus, dux < Medieval Latin dux hereditary ruler of a small state, Latin: leader; see dux; dukes “fists” of unclear derivation and perhaps of distinct orig.

Dictionary.com Unabridged

Duke

[dook, dyook]
noun
1.
Benjamin Newton, 1855–1929, and his brother, James Buchanan, 1856–1925, U.S. industrialists.
2.
a male given name.

Ellington

[el-ing-tuhn]
noun
Edward Kennedy ("Duke") 1899–1974, U.S. jazz pianist, composer, arranger, and conductor.

Wayne

[weyn]
noun
1.
Anthony ("Mad Anthony") 1745–96, American Revolutionary War general.
2.
John (Marion Michael Morrison"Duke") 1907–79, U.S. film actor.
3.
a township in N New Jersey.
4.
a city in SE Michigan, near Detroit.
5.
a male given name: from an Old English word meaning “wagonmaker.”
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
duke (djuːk)
 
n
1.  a nobleman of high rank: in the British Isles standing above the other grades of the nobility
2.  the prince or ruler of a small principality or duchy
 
Related: ducal
 
[C12: from Old French duc, from Latin dux leader]

Ellington (ˈɛlɪŋtən)
 
n
Duke, nickname of Edward Kennedy Ellington. 1899--1974, US jazz composer, pianist, and conductor, famous for such works as "Mood Indigo" and "Creole Love Call"

Wayne (weɪn)
 
n
John, real name Marion Michael Morrison. 1907--79, US film actor, noted esp for his many Westerns, which include Stagecoach (1939), The Alamo (1960), and True Grit (1969), for which he won an Oscar

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

duke
1129, from O.Fr. duc and L. dux (gen. ducis) "leader, commander," in L.L. "governor of a province," from ducere "to lead," from PIE *deuk- "to lead" (cf. O.E. togian "to pull, drag," O.H.G. ziohan "to pull," O.E. togian "to draw, drag"). Applied in Eng. to "nobleman of the highest rank" probably first
c.1350, ousting native earl. Used to translate various European titles (e.g. Rus. knyaz).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Duke definition


derived from the Latin dux, meaning "a leader;" Arabic, "a sheik." This word is used to denote the phylarch or chief of a tribe (Gen. 36:15-43; Ex. 15:15; 1 Chr. 1:51-54).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences for duke
Several members have achieved and have been awarded with their gold duke of
  edinburgh.
The name comes from the fact that the latter house is owned by the duke.
He preferred duke to marion, and the name stuck for the rest of his life.
I beg you to strike a medal for duke, to order the president to strike it.
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