noun Buddhism.
the first of the Four noble Truths, that all human experience is transient and that suffering results from excessive desire and attachment.

< Pali

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dukkha (ˈdukə)
anata Compare anicca Sanskrit word: duhkha (in Theravada Buddhism) the belief that all things are suffering, due to the desire to seek permanence or recognize the self when neither exist: one of the three basic characteristics of existence
[Pali, literally: suffering, illness]

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Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon
Main Entry:  dukkha
Part of Speech:  n
Definition:  in Buddhism, the first of the Four Noble Truths, that life is constantly changing and therefore full of suffering, specif. due to attachment and excessive desire; an understanding that the nature of life is suffering and impermanence; also written duhkha, dukkhata
Example:  The other three Noble Truths explain the origins of dukkha and the means for eliminating dukkha.
Etymology:  Sanskrit, Pali translated variously, including'truth, the truth of suffering'
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Encyclopedia Britannica


in Buddhist thought, the true nature of all existence. Much Buddhist doctrine is based on the fact of suffering; its reality, cause, and means of suppression formed the subject of the Buddha's first sermon (see Four Noble Truths). Recognition of the fact of suffering as one of three basic characteristics of existence-along with impermanence (anichcha) and the absence of a self (anatta)-constitutes the "right knowledge." Three types of suffering are distinguished: they result, respectively, from pain, such as old age, sickness, and death; from pleasure changing to pain; and from the fact that, because of impermanence, beings are susceptible to pain in the next moment

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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