[doo-muh] ,
(in Russia prior to 1917) a council or official assembly.
(initial capital letter) an elective legislative assembly, established in 1905 by Nicholas II, constituting the lower house of parliament.
Also, douma.

1865–70; < Russian, Old Russian dúma assembly, council (an early homonym with dúma thought); cognate with Bulgarian dúma word, Slovak duma meditation; Slavic *dum- probably < Gothic dōms judgment (see doom)

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World English Dictionary
duma or Russian douma (ˈduːmə)
1.  (usually capital) the elective legislative assembly established by Tsar Nicholas II in 1905: overthrown by the Bolsheviks in 1917
2.  (before 1917) any official assembly or council
3.  short for State Duma, the lower chamber of the Russian parliament
[C20: from duma thought, of Germanic origin; related to Gothic dōms judgment]
douma or Russian douma
[C20: from duma thought, of Germanic origin; related to Gothic dōms judgment]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

Rus. national assembly, 1870 (in reference to city councils; the national one was set up in 1905), lit. "thought," from a Gmc. source (cf. Goth. doms "judgment," Eng. doom, deem).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for duma
The duma confirmed his appointment on the first ballot by a wide margin.
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