Archaic. simple past tense of dare.
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verb (used without object), dared or (Archaic) durst; dared; daring; past singular 3rd person dares or dare.
to have the necessary courage or boldness for something; be bold enough: You wouldn't dare!
verb (used with object), dared or (Archaic) durst; dared; daring; past singular 3rd person dares or dare.
to have the boldness to try; venture; hazard.
to meet defiantly; face courageously.
to challenge or provoke (a person) into a demonstration of courage; defy: to dare a man to fight.
auxiliary verb
to have the necessary courage or boldness to (used chiefly in questions and negatives): How dare you speak to me like that? He dare not mention the subject again.
an act of daring or defiance; challenge.
dare say, daresay.

before 900; Middle English dar (v.), Old English dear(r), 1st and 3rd person singular present indicative of durran; akin to Old High German gitarran

darer, noun
redare, verb (used with object), redared, redaring.
undared, adjective

1. Dare, venture imply involvement in risks and dangers. Dare emphasizes the state of mind that makes one willing to meet danger: He dared to do what he knew was right. Venture emphasizes the act of doing something that involves risk: He ventured into deep water. 2. hazard, risk, brave.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
dare (dɛə)
1.  (tr) to challenge (a person to do something) as proof of courage
2.  (can take an infinitive with or without to) to be courageous enough to try (to do something): she dares to dress differently from the others; you wouldn't dare!
3.  rare (tr) to oppose without fear; defy
4.  I dare say, I daresay
 a.  (it is) quite possible (that)
 b.  probably: used as sentence substitute
5.  a challenge to do something as proof of courage
6.  something done in response to such a challenge
[Old English durran; related to Old High German turran to venture]
usage  When used negatively or interrogatively, dare does not usually add -s: he dare not come; dare she come? When used negatively in the past tense, however, dare usually adds -d: he dared not come

durst (dɜːst)
a past tense of dare

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

O.E. durran "to brave danger," from P.Gmc. *ders-, from PIE *dhers- (cf. Skt. dadharsha "to be bold," O.Pers. dar- "to dare," Gk. thrasys "bold," O.C.S. druzate "to be bold, dare"). An O.E. irregular preterite-present verb: darr, dearst, dear were first, second and third person singular present indicative;
mostly regularized 16c., though past tense dorste survived as durst, but is now dying, persisting mainly in northern Eng. dialect. Meaning "to challenge or defy (someone)" is first recorded 1570s.

see dare.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Abbreviations & Acronyms
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The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
All were afflicted, but durst not oppose his desire.
And after that they durst not ask him any question at all.
They of the house spying him, wondered what he should be, and yet they durst not bid him rise.
Such was the order he had established in his house that no one in it durst ever receive any present.
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