durum wheat

[door-uhm, dyoor-]
a wheat, Triticum turgidum, the grain of which yields flour used in making pasta.
Also called durum, macaroni wheat.

1905–10; < Neo-Latin, the earlier specific epithet. See dure1

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World English Dictionary
durum or durum wheat (ˈdjʊərəm)
a variety of wheat, Triticum durum, with a high gluten content, cultivated mainly in the Mediterranean region, and used chiefly to make pastas
[C20: short for New Latin trīticum dūrum, literally: hard wheat]
durum wheat or durum wheat
[C20: short for New Latin trīticum dūrum, literally: hard wheat]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

species of wheat, 1908, from L. durum, neut. of durus "hard" (see endure). The seeds are tough.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica


(species Triticum durum), hard wheat (q.v.) producing a glutenous flour. The purified middlings of durum wheat are known as semolina, used for pasta products

Learn more about durum with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences for durum
Semolina made from durum is used for premium pastas and breads.
Durum wheat is subject to four processes cleaning, milling, tempering and purifying.
A hard corn is called a heloma durum, while a soft corn is called a heloma molle.
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