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Dushanbe

[doo-shahn-buh, -shahm-, dyoo-; Russian doo-shuhn-bye] /duˈʃɑn bə, -ˈʃɑm-, dyu-; Russian du ʃʌnˈbyɛ/
noun
1.
a city in and the capital of Tadzhikistan, in the SW Russian Federation in Asia, SW of Tashkent.
Formerly Dyushambe (before 1929)
none Stalinabad (1929–61)

Tadzhikistan

[tuh-jik-uh-stan, -stahn, -jee-kuh-, tah-; Russian tuh-ji-kyi-stahn] /təˈdʒɪk əˌstæn, -ˌstɑn, -ˈdʒi kə-, tɑ-; Russian tə dʒɪ kyɪˈstɑn/
noun
1.
a republic in central Asia, N of Afghanistan. 55,240 sq. mi. (143,600 sq. km).
Capital: Dushanbe.
Also, Tajikistan.
Formerly Tadzhik Soviet Socialist Republic.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Dushanbe

Dushanbe

/duːˈʃɑːnbɪ/
noun
1.
the capital of Tajikistan; a cultural centre. Pop: 551 000 (2005 est) Former name (1929–61) Stalinabad

Tadzhikistan

/tɑːˌdʒɪkɪˈstɑːn; -stæn/
noun
1.
variant spellings of Tajikistan
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Dushanbe

capital of Tajikistan, from Tajik dushanbe "Monday" (a compound of du "two" + Shanbe "Saturday," literally "Sabbath;" thus "two days after Saturday"); so called in reference to a regular Monday market there. Known from 1929-1961 as Stalinabad.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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