a coloring material or matter.
a liquid containing coloring matter, for imparting a particular hue to cloth, paper, etc.
color or hue, especially as produced by dyeing.
verb (used with object), dyed, dyeing.
to color or stain; treat with a dye; color (cloth, hair, etc.) with a substance containing coloring matter: to dye a dress green.
to impart (color) by means of a dye: The coloring matter dyed green.
verb (used without object), dyed, dyeing.
to impart color, as a dye: This brand dyes well.
to become colored or absorb color when treated with a dye: This cloth dyes easily.
of the deepest/blackest dye, of the most extreme or the worst sort: a prevaricator of the blackest dye.

before 1000; Middle English dien, Old English dēagian, derivative of dēag a dye

dyable, dyeable, adjective
dyer, noun
redye, verb (used with object), redyed, redying.
undyable, adjective
undyed, adjective

dice, die, dye.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
dye (daɪ)
1.  a staining or colouring substance, such as a natural or synthetic pigment
2.  a liquid that contains a colouring material and can be used to stain fabrics, skins, etc
3.  the colour or shade produced by dyeing
vb , dyes, dyeing, dyed
4.  (tr) to impart a colour or stain to (something, such as fabric or hair) by or as if by the application of a dye
[Old English dēagian, from dēag a dye; related to Old High German tugōn to change, Lettish dūkans dark]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. deah, deag "a color, hue, tinge," perhaps related to deagol "secret, hidden, dark, obscure," from P.Gmc. *daugilaz. The verb is from O.E. deagian "to dye." Spelling distinction between dye and die was not firm till 19c. Related: dyed; dyeing; dyer.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

dye (dī)
A substance used to color materials or substances, such as cells, tissues, and microorganisms.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Bible Dictionary

Dye definition

The art of dyeing is one of great antiquity, although no special mention is made of it in the Old Testament. The Hebrews probably learned it from the Egyptians (see Ex. 26:1; 28:5-8), who brought it to great perfection. In New Testament times Thyatira was famed for its dyers (Acts 16:14). (See COLOUR.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
When the fabric is placed in a dye vat, the color will not permeate the areas
  that have been permeated with wax.
Hair dye poisoning occurs when someone swallows dye or tint used to color hair.
The trade- off is the amount of dye the product deposits, which may mean
  frequent coloring.
The waxed areas preserve the color of the dye last used.
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