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Ecbatana

[ek-bat-n-uh] /ɛkˈbæt n ə/
noun
1.
ancient name of Hamadan.

Media

[mee-dee-uh] /ˈmi di ə/
noun
1.
an ancient country in W Asia, S of the Caspian Sea, corresponding generally to NW Iran.
Capital: Ecbatana.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Ecbatana

Ecbatana

/ɛkˈbætənə/
noun
1.
an ancient city in Iran, on the site of modern Hamadān; capital of Media and royal residence of the Persians and Parthians

media1

/ˈmiːdɪə/
noun
1.
a plural of medium
2.
the means of communication that reach large numbers of people, such as television, newspapers, and radio
adjective
3.
of or relating to the mass media: media hype
Usage note
When media refers to the mass media, it is sometimes treated as a singular form, as in: the media has shown great interest in these events. Many people think this use is incorrect and that media should always be treated as a plural form: the media have shown great interest in these events

media2

/ˈmɛdɪə/
noun (pl) -diae (-dɪˌiː)
1.
the middle layer of the wall of a blood or lymph vessel
2.
one of the main veins in the wing of an insect
3.
(phonetics)
  1. a consonant whose articulation lies midway between that of a voiced and breathed speech sound
  2. a consonant pronounced with weak voice, as c in French second
Word Origin
C19: from Latin medius middle

Media

/ˈmiːdɪə/
noun
1.
an ancient country of SW Asia, south of the Caspian Sea: inhabited by the Medes; overthrew the Assyrian Empire in 612 bc in alliance with Babylonia; conquered by Cyrus the Great in 550 bc; corresponds to present-day NW Iran
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Ecbatana

media

n.

"newspapers, radio, TV, etc." 1927, perhaps abstracted from mass media (1923, a technical term in advertising), plural of medium, on notion of "intermediate agency," a sense found in that word in English from c.1600.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Ecbatana in Medicine

media me·di·a1 (mē'dē-ə)
n.
A plural of medium.

media 2
n.
The tunica media.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Ecbatana in the Bible

(Ezra 6:2 marg.). (See ACHMETHA.)


Heb. Madai, which is rendered in the Authorized Version (1) "Madai," Gen. 10:2; (2) "Medes," 2 Kings 17:6; 18:11; (3) "Media," Esther 1:3; 10:2; Isa. 21:2; Dan. 8:20; (4) "Mede," only in Dan. 11:1. We first hear of this people in the Assyrian cuneiform records, under the name of Amada, about B.C. 840. They appear to have been a branch of the Aryans, who came from the east bank of the Indus, and were probably the predominant race for a while in the Mesopotamian valley. They consisted for three or four centuries of a number of tribes, each ruled by its own chief, who at length were brought under the Assyrian yoke (2 Kings 17:6). From this subjection they achieved deliverance, and formed themselves into an empire under Cyaxares (B.C. 633). This monarch entered into an alliance with the king of Babylon, and invaded Assyria, capturing and destroying the city of Nineveh (B.C. 625), thus putting an end to the Assyrian monarchy (Nah. 1:8; 2:5,6; 3:13, 14). Media now rose to a place of great power, vastly extending its boundaries. But it did not long exist as an independent kingdom. It rose with Cyaxares, its first king, and it passed away with him; for during the reign of his son and successor Astyages, the Persians waged war against the Medes and conquered them, the two nations being united under one monarch, Cyrus the Persian (B.C. 558). The "cities of the Medes" are first mentioned in connection with the deportation of the Israelites on the destruction of Samaria (2 Kings 17:6; 18:11). Soon afterwards Isaiah (13:17; 21:2) speaks of the part taken by the Medes in the destruction of Babylon (comp. Jer. 51:11, 28). Daniel gives an account of the reign of Darius the Mede, who was made viceroy by Cyrus (Dan. 6:1-28). The decree of Cyrus, Ezra informs us (6:2-5), was found in "the palace that is in the province of the Medes," Achmetha or Ecbatana of the Greeks, which is the only Median city mentioned in Scripture.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Encyclopedia Article for Ecbatana

ancient city on the site of which stands the modern city of Hamadan (q.v.), Iran. Ecbatana was the capital of Media and was subsequently the summer residence of the Achaemenian kings and one of the residences of the Parthian kings. According to ancient Greek writers, the city was founded in about 678 BC by the semilegendary Deioces, who was the first king of the Medes. The Greek historian Herodotus described the city in the 5th century BC as being surrounded by seven concentric walls. Ecbatana was captured from the Median ruler Astyages by the Persian king Cyrus the Great in 550 BC, and it was taken from the last Achaemenian ruler by Alexander the Great in 330 BC. The site of the ancient city lies partly within the modern city of Hamadan and has never been excavated

Learn more about Ecbatana with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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