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economy

[ih-kon-uh-mee] /ɪˈkɒn ə mi/
noun, plural economies.
1.
thrifty management; frugality in the expenditure or consumption of money, materials, etc.
2.
an act or means of thrifty saving; a saving:
He achieved a small economy by walking to work instead of taking a bus.
3.
the management of the resources of a community, country, etc., especially with a view to its productivity.
4.
the prosperity or earnings of a place:
Further inflation would endanger the national economy seriously.
5.
the disposition or regulation of the parts or functions of any organic whole; an organized system or method.
6.
the efficient, sparing, or concise use of something:
an economy of effort; an economy of movement.
8.
Theology.
  1. the divine plan for humanity, from creation through redemption to final beatitude.
  2. the method of divine administration, as at a particular time or for a particular race.
9.
Obsolete. the management of household affairs.
adjective
10.
intended to save money:
to reduce the staff in an economy move.
11.
costing less to make, buy, or operate:
an economy car.
12.
of or relating to economy class:
the economy fare to San Francisco.
adverb
13.
in economy-class accommodations, or by economy-class conveyance:
to travel economy.
Origin
1520-1530
1520-30; (< Middle French economie) < Latin oeconomia < Greek oikonomíā household management, equivalent to oîko(s) house + -nomia -nomy
Related forms
noneconomy, noun, plural noneconomies.
subeconomy, noun, plural subeconomies.
supereconomy, noun, plural supereconomies.
Synonyms
1. thriftiness, thrift, saving.
Antonyms
1. lavishness, extravagance, wastefulness.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for economies
  • At present, he spends his wealth wantonly, careless of the economies and reticences of great art.
  • We will know the meaning of our economies and politics.
  • The major oil dependent economies have a foot placed firmly on a pedal that has been locked and frozen into a revved position.
  • For years, the region's small salting houses have been forced to compete against large factories and their economies of scale.
  • Purchasing coupons in countries with weaker economies could increase that margin substantially, he reasoned.
  • But also important is the dangerous state of the region's economies.
  • But this could only be correct if modern economies were self-adjusting systems that didn't need any management at all.
  • The complexities are overwhelming governments, economies, and societies around the world.
  • According to a new study, however, the success of these invaders depends less on ecology and more on economies.
  • Getting to good economies of scale does not require a major technology breakthrough.
British Dictionary definitions for economies

economy

/ɪˈkɒnəmɪ/
noun (pl) -mies
1.
careful management of resources to avoid unnecessary expenditure or waste; thrift
2.
a means or instance of this; saving
3.
sparing, restrained, or efficient use, esp to achieve the maximum effect for the minimum effort: economy of language
4.
  1. the complex of human activities concerned with the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services
  2. a particular type or branch of such production, distribution, and consumption: a socialist economy, an agricultural economy
5.
the management of the resources, finances, income, and expenditure of a community, business enterprise, etc
6.
  1. a class of travel in aircraft, providing less luxurious accommodation than first class at a lower fare
  2. (as modifier): economy class
7.
(modifier) offering or purporting to offer a larger quantity for a lower price: economy pack
8.
the orderly interplay between the parts of a system or structure: the economy of nature
9.
(philosophy) the principle that, of two competing theories, the one with less ontological presupposition is to be preferred
10.
(archaic) the management of household affairs; domestic economy
Word Origin
C16: via Latin from Greek oikonomia domestic management, from oikos house + -nomia, from nemein to manage
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for economies

economy

n.

1530s, "household management," from Latin oeconomia, from Greek oikonomia "household management, thrift," from oikonomos "manager, steward," from oikos "house" (cognate with Latin vicus "district," vicinus "near;" Old English wic "dwelling, village;" see villa) + nomos "managing," from nemein "manage" (see numismatics). The sense of "wealth and resources of a country" (short for political economy) is from 1650s.

adj.

as a term in advertising, at first meant simply "cheaper" (1821), then "bigger and thus cheaper per unit or amount" (1950). See economy (n.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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