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[ek-suh-muh, eg-zuh-, ig-zee-] /ˈɛk sə mə, ˈɛg zə-, ɪgˈzi-/
noun, Pathology
an inflammatory condition of the skin attended with itching and the exudation of serous matter.
Origin of eczema
1745-55; < New Latin < Greek ékzema, equivalent to ek- ec- + ze- (stem of zeîn to boil, ferment) + -ma noun suffix
Related forms
[ig-zem-uh-tuh s, -zee-muh-] /ɪgˈzɛm ə təs, -ˈzi mə-/ (Show IPA),
adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for eczema
  • Long thought of as an allergic disease, eczema may be caused by defects in the skin.
  • The soothing soaps are said to relieve various types of skin ailments from dry skin to eczema.
  • If you have eczema, apply moisturizers over your skin.
  • Her hands are dry and red with eczema, a contrast to the rest of her skin, which is an unearthly white the color of fake teeth.
  • In preliminary studies researchers are testing whether doses of beneficial bacteria could alleviate bowel disease and eczema.
  • Asthma, eczema and number of other problems are also connected.
  • Max was colicky and covered crown to tail in eczema.
  • Every time my dad comes to visit, my little dachshund mix licks the eczema off his feet, and he feels better for months.
  • One of them even said that longer periods of breastfeeding were actually linked to higher rates of eczema.
  • McGovern studied headaches in children, allergic eczema and the influence of emotional factors in allergies.
British Dictionary definitions for eczema


/ˈɛksɪmə; ɪɡˈziːmə/
(pathol) a skin inflammation with lesions that scale, crust, or ooze a serous fluid, often accompanied by intense itching or burning
Derived Forms
eczematous (ɛkˈsɛmətəs) adjective
Word Origin
C18: from New Latin, from Greek ekzema, from ek- out + zein to boil; see yeast
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for eczema

1753, from Greek ekzema, literally "something thrown out by heat," from ekzein "to boil out," from ek "out" (see ex-) + zema "boiling," from zein "to boil," from PIE root *yes- "to boil, foam, bubble" (see yeast). Said to have been the name given by ancient physicians to "any fiery pustule on the skin."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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eczema in Medicine

eczema ec·ze·ma (ěk'sə-mə, ěg'zə-, ĭg-zē'-)
An acute or chronic noncontagious inflammation of the skin, characterized chiefly by redness, itching, and the outbreak of lesions that may discharge serous matter and become encrusted and scaly.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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eczema in Science
An acute or chronic noncontagious inflammation of the skin, often caused by allergy and characterized by itching, scaling, and blistering.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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