[ek-suh-muh, eg-zuh-, ig-zee-]
noun Pathology.
an inflammatory condition of the skin attended with itching and the exudation of serous matter.

1745–55; < Neo-Latin < Greek ékzema, equivalent to ek- ec- + ze- (stem of zeîn to boil, ferment) + -ma noun suffix

eczematous [ig-zem-uh-tuhs, -zee-muh-] , adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
eczema (ˈɛksɪmə, ɪɡˈziːmə)
pathol a skin inflammation with lesions that scale, crust, or ooze a serous fluid, often accompanied by intense itching or burning
[C18: from New Latin, from Greek ekzema, from ek- out + zein to boil; see yeast]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1753, from Gk. ekzema, from ekzein "to boil out," from ek "out" + zema "boiling," from zein "to boil," from PIE base *jes-. Said to have been the name given by ancient physicians to "any fiery pustule on the skin."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

eczema ec·ze·ma (ěk'sə-mə, ěg'zə-, ĭg-zē'-)
An acute or chronic noncontagious inflammation of the skin, characterized chiefly by redness, itching, and the outbreak of lesions that may discharge serous matter and become encrusted and scaly.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
eczema   (ěk'sə-mə)  Pronunciation Key 
An acute or chronic noncontagious inflammation of the skin, often caused by allergy and characterized by itching, scaling, and blistering.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Long thought of as an allergic disease, eczema may be caused by defects in the
The soothing soaps are said to relieve various types of skin ailments from dry
  skin to eczema.
In preliminary studies researchers are testing whether doses of beneficial
  bacteria could alleviate bowel disease and eczema.
Asthma, eczema and number of other problems are also connected.
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