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eight

[eyt] /eɪt/
noun
1.
a cardinal number, seven plus one.
2.
a symbol for this number, as 8 or VIII.
3.
a set of this many persons or things, as the crew of an eight-oared racing shell.
4.
a playing card the face of which bears eight pips.
5.
Informal.
  1. an automobile powered by an eight-cylinder engine.
  2. an eight-cylinder engine.
adjective
6.
amounting to eight in number.
Origin
1000
before 1000; Middle English eighte, Old English (e)ahta; cognate with Dutch acht, Old Saxon, Old High German ahto (German acht), Old Norse ātta, Gothic ahtau, Latin octō, Greek oktṓ, Old Irish ocht, Welsh wyth, Breton eiz, Tocharian B okt, Lithuanian aštuonì, Albanian tetë, Armenian uth, Persian hasht, Sanskrit aṣṭáu; apparently an old dual in form, but not clear of what
Can be confused
ate, eight.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for eighter

eight

/eɪt/
noun
1.
the cardinal number that is the sum of one and seven and the product of two and four See also number (sense 1)
2.
a numeral, 8, VIII, etc, representing this number
3.
(music) the numeral 8 used as the lower figure in a time signature to indicate that the beat is measured in quavers
4.
the amount or quantity that is one greater than seven
5.
something representing, represented by, or consisting of eight units, such as a playing card with eight symbols on it
6.
(rowing)
  1. a racing shell propelled by eight oarsmen
  2. the crew of such a shell
7.
Also called eight o'clock. eight hours after noon or midnight
8.
(slang) have one over the eight, to be drunk
determiner
10.
  1. amounting to eight
  2. (as pronoun): I could only find eight
related
prefixes octa- octo-
Word Origin
Old English eahta; related to Old High German ahto, Old Norse ātta, Old Irish ocht, Latin octō, Greek okto, Sanskrit astau
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for eighter

eight

n.

late 14c., eighte, earlier ehte (c.1200), from Old English eahta, æhta, from Proto-Germanic *akhto(u) (cf. Old Saxon ahto, Old Frisian ahta, Old Norse atta, Swedish åtta, Dutch acht, Old High German Ahto, German acht, Gothic ahtau), from PIE *okto(u) "eight" (cf. Sanskrit astau, Avestan ashta, Greek okto, Latin octo, Old Irish ocht-n, Breton eiz, Old Church Slavonic osmi, Lithuanian aštuoni).

Klein calls it "an old dual form, orig. meaning 'twice four.' " For spelling, see fight (v.). Meaning "eight-man crew of a rowing boat" is from 1847. The Spanish piece of eight (1690s) was so called because it was worth eight reals (see piece (n.)). Figure (of) eight as the shape of a race course, etc., attested from c.1600. To be behind the eight ball "in trouble" (1932) is a metaphor from shooting pool.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for eighter

eight

Related Terms

forked-eight, forty-eight


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with eighter
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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