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electrolysis

[ih-lek-trol-uh-sis, ee-lek-] /ɪ lɛkˈtrɒl ə sɪs, ˌi lɛk-/
noun
1.
Physical Chemistry. the passage of an electric current through an electrolyte with subsequent migration of positively and negatively charged ions to the negative and positive electrodes.
2.
the destruction of hair roots, tumors, etc., by an electric current.
Origin
1830-1840
1830-40; electro- + -lysis

electrolyze

[ih-lek-truh-lahyz] /ɪˈlɛk trəˌlaɪz/
verb (used with object), electrolyzed, electrolyzing. Physical Chemistry
1.
to decompose by electrolysis.
Also, especially British, electrolyse.
Origin
1825-35; electro- + -lyze
Related forms
electrolyzation, noun
electrolyzer, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for electrolyses

electrolysis

/ɪlɛkˈtrɒlɪsɪs/
noun
1.
the conduction of electricity by a solution or melt, esp the use of this process to induce chemical changes
2.
the destruction of living tissue, such as hair roots, by an electric current, usually for cosmetic reasons
Word Origin
C19: from electro- + -lysis
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for electrolyses

electrolysis

n.

1834, introduced by Faraday on the suggestion of the Rev. William Whewell (1794-1866), English polymath, from electro- + Greek lysis "a loosening," from lyein "to loosen, set free" (see lose). Originally of tumors, later (1909) of hair removal.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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electrolyses in Medicine

electrolysis e·lec·trol·y·sis (ĭ-lěk-trŏl'ĭ-sĭs, ē'lěk-)
n.

  1. Chemical change, especially decomposition, that is produced in an electrolyte by an electric current.

  2. Destruction of living tissue, especially that of the hair roots, by means of an electric current applied with a needle-shaped electrode.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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electrolyses in Science
electrolysis
  (ĭ-lěk-trŏl'ĭ-sĭs)   
A process in which a chemical change, especially decomposition, is brought about by passing an electric current through a solution of electrolytes so that the electrolyte's ions move toward the negative and positive electrodes and react with them. If negative ions move toward the anode, they lose electrons and become neutral, resulting in an oxidation reaction. This also happens if atoms of the anode lose electrons and go into the electrolyte solution as positive ions. If positive ions move toward the cathode and gain electrons, becoming neutral, a reduction reaction takes place. Electrolysis is used for many purposes, including the extraction of metals from ores, the cleaning of archaeological artifacts, and the coating of materials with thin layers of metal (electroplating).
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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electrolyses in Culture
electrolysis [(i-lek-trol-uh-sis)]

In chemistry, any process that brings about a chemical reaction by passing electric current through a material.

Note: The most common form of electrolysis is electroplating, in which a thin coat of metal is deposited on a solid object.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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