|1.||the conduction of electricity by a solution or melt, esp the use of this process to induce chemical changes|
|2.||the destruction of living tissue, such as hair roots, by an electric current, usually for cosmetic reasons|
|[C19: from |
|a calculus or concretion found in the stomach or intestines of certain animals, esp. ruminants, formerly reputed to be an effective remedy for poison.|
|a screen or mat covered with a dark material for shielding a camera lens from excess light or glare.|
electrolysis e·lec·trol·y·sis (ĭ-lěk-trŏl'ĭ-sĭs, ē'lěk-)
|electrolysis (ĭ-lěk-trŏl'ĭ-sĭs) Pronunciation Key
A process in which a chemical change, especially decomposition, is brought about by passing an electric current through a solution of electrolytes so that the electrolyte's ions move toward the negative and positive electrodes and react with them. If negative ions move toward the anode, they lose electrons and become neutral, resulting in an oxidation reaction. This also happens if atoms of the anode lose electrons and go into the electrolyte solution as positive ions. If positive ions move toward the cathode and gain electrons, becoming neutral, a reduction reaction takes place. Electrolysis is used for many purposes, including the extraction of metals from ores, the cleaning of archaeological artifacts, and the coating of materials with thin layers of metal (electroplating).