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eleven

[ih-lev-uh n] /ɪˈlɛv ən/
noun
1.
a cardinal number, ten plus one.
2.
a symbol for this number, as 11 or XI.
3.
a set of this many persons or things, as a football team.
adjective
4.
amounting to eleven in number.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English elleven(e), Old English ellefne, endleofan; cognate with Old High German einlif (German elf), Old Norse ellifu, Gothic ainlib-, literally, one remaining (after counting 10). See one, leave1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for eleven
  • Take a tour down the coast to see the eleven historic lighthouses that dot the shores and the waterways of the state.
  • Until recently, the road was so terribly rutted and narrow that the trip took eleven hours.
  • eleven percent of the world's earthquakes crack the ground here.
  • Use the terms and concepts you learned about in chapter eleven.
  • Below are eleven boxes containing icons that represent plants, animals, and other major categories of living things.
  • eleven millennia ago nobody had digital imaging equipment, of course.
  • eleven workers died in the explosion and flames that followed.
  • eleven days later, they sprayed the mosquitoes with different combinations of the transgenic fungi they had made.
  • Neutrons are stable inside stable atoms but decay with a half life of about eleven minutes outside the atom.
  • eleven kakapo chicks were born last year, marking another successful breeding season.
British Dictionary definitions for eleven

eleven

/ɪˈlɛvən/
noun
1.
the cardinal number that is the sum of ten and one
2.
a numeral 11, XI, etc, representing this number
3.
something representing, represented by, or consisting of 11 units
4.
(functioning as singular or pl) a team of 11 players in football, cricket, hockey, etc
5.
Also called eleven o'clock. eleven hours after noon or midnight
determiner
6.
  1. amounting to eleven eleven chances
  2. (as pronoun) have another eleven today
Word Origin
Old English endleofan; related to Old Norse ellefo, Gothic ainlif, Old Frisian andlova, Old High German einlif
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for eleven
n.

c.1200, elleovene, from Old English endleofan, literally "one left" (over ten), from Proto-Germanic *ainlif- (cf. Old Saxon elleban, Old Frisian andlova, Dutch elf, Old High German einlif, German elf, Old Norse ellifu, Gothic ainlif), a compound of *ain "one" (see one) + PIE *leikw- "leave, remain" (cf. Greek leipein "to leave behind;" see relinquish).

FIREFLY: Give me a number from 1 to 10.
CHICOLINI: eleven!
FIREFLY: Right!
Viking survivors who escaped an Anglo-Saxon victory were daroþa laf "the leavings of spears," while hamora laf "the leavings of hammers" was an Old English kenning for "swords" (both from "The Battle of Brunanburgh"). Twelve reflects the same formation. Outside Germanic the only instance of this formation is in Lithuanian, which uses -lika "left over" and continues the series to 19 (vienio-lika "eleven," dvy-lika "twelve," try-lika "thirteen," keturio-lika "fourteen," etc.) Phrase eleventh hour (1829) is from Matthew xx:1-16.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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