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Denotation vs. Connotation

eleven

[ih-lev-uh n] /ɪˈlɛv ən/
noun
1.
a cardinal number, ten plus one.
2.
a symbol for this number, as 11 or XI.
3.
a set of this many persons or things, as a football team.
adjective
4.
amounting to eleven in number.
Origin of eleven
900
before 900; Middle English elleven(e), Old English ellefne, endleofan; cognate with Old High German einlif (German elf), Old Norse ellifu, Gothic ainlib-, literally, one remaining (after counting 10). See one, leave1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for eleven
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Hired a team in Sandwich and another in Bayport and got to the tavern about eleven.

    Keziah Coffin Joseph C. Lincoln
  • It was after eleven o'clock when Evelyn rose to go to her room.

  • The pompous landau rolled up to the house at a quarter to eleven.

    The Longest Journey E. M. Forster
  • Dorcas Jane, who was eleven and a half and not at all imaginative, eyed him suspiciously.

    The Trail Book Mary Austin
  • About eleven o'clock he went out with a jug to get some beer.

    The Hypocrite Cyril Arthur Edward Ranger Gull
British Dictionary definitions for eleven

eleven

/ɪˈlɛvən/
noun
1.
the cardinal number that is the sum of ten and one
2.
a numeral 11, XI, etc, representing this number
3.
something representing, represented by, or consisting of 11 units
4.
(functioning as singular or pl) a team of 11 players in football, cricket, hockey, etc
5.
Also called eleven o'clock. eleven hours after noon or midnight
determiner
6.
  1. amounting to eleven: eleven chances
  2. (as pronoun): have another eleven today
Word Origin
Old English endleofan; related to Old Norse ellefo, Gothic ainlif, Old Frisian andlova, Old High German einlif
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for eleven
n.

c.1200, elleovene, from Old English endleofan, literally "one left" (over ten), from Proto-Germanic *ainlif- (cf. Old Saxon elleban, Old Frisian andlova, Dutch elf, Old High German einlif, German elf, Old Norse ellifu, Gothic ainlif), a compound of *ain "one" (see one) + PIE *leikw- "leave, remain" (cf. Greek leipein "to leave behind;" see relinquish).

FIREFLY: Give me a number from 1 to 10.
CHICOLINI: eleven!
FIREFLY: Right!
Viking survivors who escaped an Anglo-Saxon victory were daroþa laf "the leavings of spears," while hamora laf "the leavings of hammers" was an Old English kenning for "swords" (both from "The Battle of Brunanburgh"). Twelve reflects the same formation. Outside Germanic the only instance of this formation is in Lithuanian, which uses -lika "left over" and continues the series to 19 (vienio-lika "eleven," dvy-lika "twelve," try-lika "thirteen," keturio-lika "fourteen," etc.) Phrase eleventh hour (1829) is from Matthew xx:1-16.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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