elision

[ih-lizh-uhn]
noun
1.
the omission of a vowel, consonant, or syllable in pronunciation.
2.
(in verse) the omission of a vowel at the end of one word when the next word begins with a vowel, as th'orient.
3.
an act or instance of eliding or omitting anything.

Origin:
1575–85; < Latin ēlīsiōn- (stem of ēlīsiō) a striking out, equivalent to ēlīs(us) (past participle of ēlīdere; see elide) + -iōn- -ion

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World English Dictionary
elision (ɪˈlɪʒən)
 
n
1.  the omission of a syllable or vowel at the beginning or end of a word, esp when a word ending with a vowel is next to one beginning with a vowel
2.  any omission of a part or parts
 
[C16: from Latin ēlīsiō, from ēlīdere to elide]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

elision
1580s, from L. elisionem, from elidere (see elide).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

elision

(Latin: "striking out"), in prosody, the slurring or omission of a final unstressed vowel that precedes either another vowel or a weak consonant sound, as in the word heav'n. It may also be the dropping of a consonant between vowels, as in the word o'er for over. Elision is used to fit words into a metrical scheme, to smooth the rhythm of a poem, or to ease the pronunciation of words. In classical Greek poetry, an apostrophe (') is substituted for an elided letter, as is frequently the case in English verse. In Latin, however, the elided vowel or consonant remains, but it is ignored in scanning the line

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
The lack of extant monuments from these years is one reason for this elision.
The film's immense dignity is its signal characteristic, and some of it is
  achieved though deliberate elision.
With fall an elision of browns, the branches now hobbled with nuts, gives way
  to yellowing leaves.
It is more usually heard from non-native speakers who think that such and
  extreme elision is a sign of fluency.
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