[ih-lawng-geyt, ih-long-, ee-lawng-geyt, ee-long-]
verb (used with object), elongated, elongating.
to draw out to greater length; lengthen; extend.
verb (used without object), elongated, elongating.
to increase in length.
adjective Also, elongated.
extended; lengthened.
long and thin.

1530–40; < Late Latin ēlongātus lengthened out, past participle of ēlongāre to make longer, make distant, remove, equivalent to Latin ē- e-1 + -longāre, derivative of longus long, longē far off

elongative [ee-lawng-gey-tiv, ee-long-] , adjective
subelongate, adjective
subelongated, adjective
unelongated, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
elongate (ˈiːlɒŋɡeɪt)
1.  to make or become longer; stretch
2.  long and narrow; slender: elongate leaves
3.  lengthened or tapered
[C16: from Late Latin ēlongāre to keep at a distance, from ē- away + Latin longē (adv) far, but also later: to lengthen, as if from ē- + Latin longus (adj) long]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1530s, from L.L. elongatus, pp. of elongare (see elongation). The Fr. form, eloign, was borrowed (1530s) in the legal sense "to remove to a distance" (especially in an effort to avoid the law). Related: Elongated; elongating.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Some lizards spread elongated ribs covered in flaps of skin.
We created this elegant, elongated version of strawberry shortcake by stacking
  cake layers with berries and whipped cream.
As a spark starts to travel, it opens up a pathway for electricity to move
  through, becoming an elongated spark.
They may be nearly circular or so elongated that they take on a cigarlike
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