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elongate

[ih-lawng-geyt, ih-long-, ee-lawng-geyt, ee-long-] /ɪˈlɔŋ geɪt, ɪˈlɒŋ-, ˈi lɔŋˌgeɪt, ˈi lɒŋ-/
verb (used with object), elongated, elongating.
1.
to draw out to greater length; lengthen; extend.
verb (used without object), elongated, elongating.
2.
to increase in length.
adjective, Also, elongated
3.
extended; lengthened.
4.
long and thin.
Origin
1530-1540
1530-40; < Late Latin ēlongātus lengthened out, past participle of ēlongāre to make longer, make distant, remove, equivalent to Latin ē- e-1 + -longāre, derivative of longus long, longē far off
Related forms
elongative
[ee-lawng-gey-tiv, ee-long-] /ˈi lɔŋˌgeɪ tɪv, ˈi lɒŋ-/ (Show IPA),
adjective
subelongate, adjective
subelongated, adjective
unelongated, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for elongate
  • As the hemispheres extend backward these sinuses elongate by incorporating the more caudal loops of the plexus.
  • They had to play with it, shift its form, and elongate its lines in order to make it distinctly theirs.
  • When resilin is swollen with water, its coils can rotate freely, which allows the proteins to unwind as they elongate.
  • Supposedly comets were propelled into distant elongate orbits, then the orbits were circularized by stellar perturbations.
  • The voltage causes the droplet to elongate and form a jet that flows down to the substrate.
  • The small lake sits in the slightly elongate rift area where the eruption occurred.
  • Their eyeballs elongate, and they are prone to dislocated lenses and detached retinas.
  • Some rocks, such as limestone are made of minerals that are not flat or elongate.
  • It had an elongate skull with unusual protrusions of bone on the lower jaws beneath the eyes.
British Dictionary definitions for elongate

elongate

/ˈiːlɒŋɡeɪt/
verb
1.
to make or become longer; stretch
adjective
2.
long and narrow; slender: elongate leaves
3.
lengthened or tapered
Word Origin
C16: from Late Latin ēlongāre to keep at a distance, from ē- away + Latin longē (adv) far, but also later: to lengthen, as if from ē- + Latin longus (adj) long
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for elongate
v.

1530s, from Late Latin elongatus, past participle of elongare "to prolong, protract" (see elongation). Earlier in the same sense was elongen (mid-15c.). Related: Elongated; elongating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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