elongate

[ih-lawng-geyt, ih-long-, ee-lawng-geyt, ee-long-]
verb (used with object), elongated, elongating.
1.
to draw out to greater length; lengthen; extend.
verb (used without object), elongated, elongating.
2.
to increase in length.
adjective Also, elongated.
3.
extended; lengthened.
4.
long and thin.

Origin:
1530–40; < Late Latin ēlongātus lengthened out, past participle of ēlongāre to make longer, make distant, remove, equivalent to Latin ē- e-1 + -longāre, derivative of longus long, longē far off

elongative [ee-lawng-gey-tiv, ee-long-] , adjective
subelongate, adjective
subelongated, adjective
unelongated, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
elongate (ˈiːlɒŋɡeɪt)
 
vb
1.  to make or become longer; stretch
 
adj
2.  long and narrow; slender: elongate leaves
3.  lengthened or tapered
 
[C16: from Late Latin ēlongāre to keep at a distance, from ē- away + Latin longē (adv) far, but also later: to lengthen, as if from ē- + Latin longus (adj) long]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

elongate
1530s, from L.L. elongatus, pp. of elongare (see elongation). The Fr. form, eloign, was borrowed (1530s) in the legal sense "to remove to a distance" (especially in an effort to avoid the law). Related: Elongated; elongating.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
As the hemispheres extend backward these sinuses elongate by incorporating the
  more caudal loops of the plexus.
They had to play with it, shift its form, and elongate its lines in order to
  make it distinctly theirs.
When resilin is swollen with water, its coils can rotate freely, which allows
  the proteins to unwind as they elongate.
Supposedly comets were propelled into distant elongate orbits, then the orbits
  were circularized by stellar perturbations.
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