a person who emigrates, as from his or her native country or region: They welcomed the emigrants from Italy. émigré, expatriate.

1745–55, Americanism; < Latin ēmīgrant- (stem of ēmīgrāns) moving away (present participle of ēmīgrāre), equivalent to ē- e-1 + mīgrant- (mīgr- remove + -ant- -ant)

nonemigrant, noun, adjective
unemigrant, adjective

emigrant, immigrant, migrant.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
emigrant (ˈɛmɪɡrənt)
a.  Compare immigrant a person who leaves one place or country, esp a native country, to settle in another
 b.  (as modifier): an emigrant worker

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1754, from L. emigrantem, prp. of emigrare (see emigration).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
To an emigrant, country is idle except it be his own.
From time to time an emigrant will send word home, pointing out all the advantages of the new life abroad.
Below is appended a list of emigrant ships due and not heard from.
New ships were built specially for the emigrant trade.
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