emir

[uh-meer, ey-meer, ey-meer]
noun
1.
a chieftain, prince, commander, or head of state in some Islamic countries.
2.
a title of honor of the descendants of Muhammad.
3.
(initial capital letter) the former title of the ruler of Afghanistan.
4.
a title of certain Turkish officials.
Also, emeer, amir, ameer.


Origin:
1615–25; < Arabic amīr commander

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World English Dictionary
emir (ɛˈmɪə)
 
n
1.  an independent ruler or chieftain
2.  a military commander or governor
3.  a descendant of Mohammed
 
[C17: via French from Spanish emir, from Arabic 'amīr commander]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

emir
1595, from Fr. emir, colloquial pronunciation of Arabic amir "commander" (see admiral).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The emir had decreed it as a bit of window-dressing for the local mullahs.
When it threatens to, the emir dissolves parliament or the government resigns.
Synonyms
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