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emphysema

[em-fuh-see-muh, -zee-] /ˌɛm fəˈsi mə, -ˈzi-/
noun, Pathology
1.
a chronic, irreversible disease of the lungs characterized by abnormal enlargement of air spaces in the lungs accompanied by destruction of the tissue lining the walls of the air spaces.
2.
any abnormal distention of an organ, or part of the body, with air or other gas.
Origin
1655-1665
1655-65; < Neo-Latin < Greek emphȳ́sēma inflation, equivalent to em- em-2 + phȳsē- (variant stem of phȳsân to blow) + -ma noun suffix denoting result of action
Related forms
emphysematous
[em-fuh-sem-uh-tuh s, -see-muh-, -zem-uh-, -zee-muh-] /ˌɛm fəˈsɛm ə təs, -ˈsi mə-, -ˈzɛm ə-, -ˈzi mə-/ (Show IPA),
adjective
emphysemic, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for emphysema
  • Subcutaneous emphysema occurs when air gets into tissues under the skin.
  • emphysema sufferers hoping for relief often face painful surgery that's more than their bodies can withstand.
  • The defendant suffers from emphysema and numerous other health complaints.
  • Pepper spray causes inflammation and swelling-particularly a danger for those with underlying asthma or emphysema.
  • The family said that the cause was emphysema and that she had long been ill.
  • The two major diseases in this category are emphysema and chronic bronchitis, both covered in this report.
  • Walking is the best exercise for people with emphysema.
  • She was also a lifelong smoker until her doctors diagnosed emphysema.
  • Long-term health effects from air pollution include heart disease, lung cancer, and respiratory diseases such as emphysema.
  • Some of the common chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases are bronchitis, asthma and emphysema.
British Dictionary definitions for emphysema

emphysema

/ˌɛmfɪˈsiːmə/
noun (pathol)
1.
Also called pulmonary emphysema. a condition in which the air sacs of the lungs are grossly enlarged, causing breathlessness and wheezing
2.
the abnormal presence of air in a tissue or part
Derived Forms
emphysematous (ˌɛmfɪˈsɛmətəs; -ˈsiː-) adjective
Word Origin
C17: from New Latin, from Greek emphusēma, a swelling up, from emphusan to inflate, from phusan to blow
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for emphysema
n.

1660s, from Modern Latin, from Greek emphysema "swelling, inflation," from emphysan "inflate," from en "in" (see en- (2)) + physan "to blow," from physa "breath, blast" (see pustule).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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emphysema in Medicine

emphysema em·phy·se·ma (ěm'fĭ-sē'mə, -zē'-)
n.

  1. A pathological condition of the lungs marked by an abnormal increase in the size of the air spaces, resulting in labored breathing and an increased susceptibility to infection. It can be caused by irreversible expansion of the alveoli or by the destruction of alveolar walls. Also called pulmonary emphysema.

  2. An abnormal distention of body tissues caused by retention of air.


em'phy·sem'a·tous (-sěm'ə-təs, -sē'mə-, -zěm'ə-, -zē'mə-) adj.
em'phy·se'mic adj. & n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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emphysema in Science
emphysema
  (ěm'fĭ-sē'mə)   
A chronic lung disease characterized by progressive, irreversible expansion of the alveoli with eventual destruction of alveolar tissue, causing obstruction to airflow. Patients with emphysema often have labored breathing, wheezing, chronic fatigue, and increased susceptibility to infection, and may require oxygen therapy. Long-term smoking is a common cause of emphysema.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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emphysema in Culture
emphysema [(em-fuh-see-muh, em-fuh-zee-muh)]

A chronic disease in which the tiny air sacs in the lungs become stretched and enlarged, so that they are less able to supply oxygen to the blood. Emphysema causes shortness of breath and painful coughing and can increase the likelihood of developing heart disease. Emphysema occurs most frequently in older men who have been heavy smokers.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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