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en passant

[ahn pa-sahnt; French ahn pah-sahn] /ˌɑn pæˈsɑnt; French ɑ̃ pɑˈsɑ̃/
noun
1.
(italics) French. in passing; by the way.
2.
Chess. a method by which a pawn that is moved two squares can be captured by an opponent's pawn commanding the square that was passed.
Origin
1655-1665
1655-65
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for en passant

en passant

/ɒn pæˈsɑːnt; French ɑ̃ pasɑ̃/
adverb
1.
in passing: in chess, said of capturing a pawn that has made an initial move of two squares to its fourth rank, bypassing the square where an enemy pawn on its own fifth rank could capture it. The capture is made as if the captured pawn had moved one square instead of two
Word Origin
C17: from French
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for en passant

French, literally "in passing," from present participle of passer "to pass" (see pass (v.)). In reference to chess, first attested 1818.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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