en-passant

en passant

[ahn pa-sahnt; French ahn pah-sahn]
noun
1.
(italics) French. in passing; by the way.
2.
Chess. a method by which a pawn that is moved two squares can be captured by an opponent's pawn commanding the square that was passed.

Origin:
1655–65

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en passant (ɒn pæˈsɑːnt, French ɑ̃ pasɑ̃)
 
adv
in passing: in chess, said of capturing a pawn that has made an initial move of two squares to its fourth rank, bypassing the square where an enemy pawn on its own fifth rank could capture it. The capture is made as if the captured pawn had moved one square instead of two
 
[C17: from French]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

en passant
1665, from Fr., lit. "in passing." In reference to chess, first attested 1818.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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