outer borough of London, on its northern perimeter, in the historic county of Middlesex. The eastern part of the borough lies in the valley of the River Lea; the western part is higher and includes the undulating farmland and parkland of Enfield Chase in London's Green Belt. Enfield borough is composed of such areas and historic towns as (from north to south) Botany Bay, Clayhill, Bulls Cross, Hadley Wood, Forty Hill, Enfield Wash, Chase Side, Brimsdown, Enfield, Cockfosters (in part), Ponders End, Bush Hill, Southgate (in part), Winchmore Hill, Lower Edmonton, Palmers Green, New Southgate, Upper Edmonton, and Bowes Park (in part). The borough was formed in 1965 by the amalgamation of the former boroughs of Enfield, Edmonton, and Southgate.
Learn more about Enfield with a free trial on Britannica.com.