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epi-

1.
a prefix occurring in loanwords from Greek, where it meant “upon,” “on,” “over,” “near,” “at,” “before,” “after” (epicedium; epidermis; epigene; epitome); on this model, used in the formation of new compound words (epicardium; epinephrine).
Also, ep-, eph-.
Origin
< Greek, prefixal use of epí, preposition and adv.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for epi-

epi-

prefix
1.
on; upon; above; over epidermis, epicentre
2.
in addition to epiphenomenon
3.
after epigenesis, epilogue
4.
near; close to epicalyx
Word Origin
from Greek, from epi (prep)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for epi-
epi-
from Gk. epi "upon, at, close upon (in space or time), on the occasion of, in addition" (cognate with Skt. api "also, besides;" Avestan aipi "also, to, toward;" Arm. ev "also, and;" L. ob "toward, against, in the way of"). Before unaspirated vowels, reduced to ep-; before aspirated vowels, eph-. Used in modern scientific compounds, cf. epicenter; epicycle (late 14c.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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epi- in Medicine

epi- or ep-
pref.

  1. On; upon: epineural.

  2. Over; above: epibasal.

  3. Around: epicystitis.

  4. Close to; near: epimer.

  5. Besides: epiphenomenon.

  6. After: epigenesis.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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