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epicure

[ep-i-kyoo r] /ˈɛp ɪˌkyʊər/
noun
1.
a person who cultivates a refined taste, especially in food and wine; connoisseur.
2.
Archaic. a person dedicated to sensual enjoyment.
Origin of epicure
1350-1400
1350-1400 for earlier sense; 1555-65 for def 2; Middle English Epicures, Epicureis Epicureans (plural) < Latin Epicūrēus (singular) (see epicurean)
Synonyms
1. gastronome, gourmet, epicurean. 2. voluptuary, sensualist, gourmand.
Antonyms
1. ascetic.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for epicure
Historical Examples
  • Thus, with the selfishness of an epicure and the tastes of a savant, he surrounded himself with the most luxurious elegance.

    Mabel's Mistake Ann S. Stephens
  • Across the top of its door were painted in gold letters, the words: "The epicure."

    The Einstein See-Saw Miles John Breuer
  • In the bottom of the boat a string of fish lay, fine speckled fellows, to delight the palate of an epicure.

    That Girl Montana Marah Ellis Ryan
  • I was always an epicure in the matter of love, and knew the best when I found it.

    The Golden Fountain Lilian Staveley
  • Suppose that conjugal misfortune has fallen upon an epicure.

  • Certainly, he mused to himself, his brother was an epicure in love.

    The Mask Arthur Hornblow
  • If the recipe is closely followed, any family may enjoy it at a trifling expense, and it is really worthy the table of an epicure.

    The Whitehouse Cookbook (1887) Mrs. F.L. Gillette
  • The oyster is now a dish for the epicure and the lobster for the millionaire.

    The Old Coast Road Agnes Rothery
  • The Emperor gave orders that special attention should be paid to the dinner, knowing that the king was somewhat of an epicure.

  • The epicure always commands the respect of those who serve him.

    Hushed Up William Le Queux
British Dictionary definitions for epicure

epicure

/ˈɛpɪˌkjʊə/
noun
1.
a person who cultivates a discriminating palate for the enjoyment of good food and drink; gourmet
2.
a person devoted to sensual pleasures
Derived Forms
epicurism, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Medieval Latin epicūrus, after Epicurus; see Epicurean
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for epicure
n.

late 14c., "follower of Epicurus," from Latin Epicurus, from Greek Epicouros (341-270 B.C.E.), Athenian philosopher who taught that pleasure is the highest good and identified virtue as the greatest pleasure; the first lesson recalled, the second forgotten, and the name used pejoratively for "one who gives himself up to sensual pleasure" (1560s), especially "glutton, sybarite" (1774). Epicurus' school opposed by stoics, who first gave his name a reproachful sense. Non-pejorative meaning "one who cultivates refined taste in food and drink" is from 1580s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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