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eradicate

[ih-rad-i-keyt] /ɪˈræd ɪˌkeɪt/
verb (used with object), eradicated, eradicating.
1.
to remove or destroy utterly; extirpate:
to eradicate smallpox throughout the world.
2.
to erase by rubbing or by means of a chemical solvent:
to eradicate a spot.
3.
to pull up by the roots:
to eradicate weeds.
Origin
1555-1565
1555-65; < Latin ērādīcātus rooted out (past participle of ērādīcāre), equivalent to ē- e-1 + rādīc- (stem of rādīx) root1 + -ātus -ate1
Related forms
eradicant
[ih-rad-i-kuh nt] /ɪˈræd ɪ kənt/ (Show IPA),
adjective, noun
eradication, noun
eradicative, adjective
eradicator, noun
noneradicative, adjective
uneradicated, adjective
uneradicative, adjective
Synonyms
1. obliterate, uproot, exterminate, annihilate. See abolish.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for eradication
  • The combination vaccine has been remarkably effective in bringing the world to the brink of polio eradication.
  • For these unfortunates eradication may be the best option.
  • The snail is currently at the height of its invasion, experts say, and the its success makes eradication near-impossible.
  • The vaccinal eradication of smallpox was a watershed achievement.
  • His work leads to the control of yellow fever by mosquito eradication projects.
  • Used for prevention or eradication of powdery mildew, rust, and some lawn diseases.
  • The global public health system has a lot staked on the polio eradication drive.
  • Forcible coca eradication is particularly unpopular.
  • They are considered pests, and government eradication efforts include asking residents to help collect and dispose of them.
  • But the eradication effort has already taken a decade longer than expected.
British Dictionary definitions for eradication

eradicate

/ɪˈrædɪˌkeɪt/
verb (transitive)
1.
to obliterate; stamp out
2.
to pull or tear up by the roots
Derived Forms
eradicable, adjective
eradicably, adverb
eradication, noun
eradicative, adjective
eradicator, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Latin ērādīcāre to uproot, from ex-1 + rādīx root
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for eradication
n.

early 15c., from Latin eradicationem (nominative eradicatio), noun of action from past participle stem of eradicare "root out, extirpate, annihilate," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + radix (genitive radicis) "root" (see radish).

eradicate

v.

early 15c., from Latin eradicatus, past participle of eradicare "to root out" (see eradication). Related: Eradicated; eradicating; eradicable.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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