city, Bavaria Land (state), southern Germany. It lies at the junction of the Schwabach and Regnitz rivers, just north of Nurnberg. Founded in the 8th century, Erlangen was transferred from the bishopric of Wurzburg to that of Bamberg in 1017 and then was sold to the king of Bohemia in 1361. Chartered in 1398, it passed to the Hohenzollern burgraves of Nurnberg in 1402 and to Bavaria in 1810. It owes the foundations of its prosperity chiefly to the French Protestant (Huguenot) refugees who settled in 1686 in "Christian Erlang," which united with Erlangen in 1824.
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