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ersatz

[er-zahts, -sahts, er-zahts, -sahts] /ˈɛr zɑts, -sɑts, ɛrˈzɑts, -ˈsɑts/
adjective
1.
serving as a substitute; synthetic; artificial:
an ersatz coffee made from grain.
noun
2.
an artificial substance or article used to replace something natural or genuine; a substitute.
Origin of ersatz
1870-1875
1870-75; < German Ersatz a substitute (derivative of ersetzen to replace)
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for ersatz

ersatz

/ˈɛəzæts; ˈɜː-/
adjective
1.
made in imitation of some natural or genuine product; artificial
noun
2.
an ersatz substance or article
Word Origin
C20: German, from ersetzen to substitute
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for ersatz
adj.

1875, from German Ersatz "units of the army reserve," literally "compensation, replacement, substitute," from ersetzen "to replace," from Old High German irsezzen, from ir-, unaccented variant of ur- + setzen "to set" (see set (v.)). As a noun, from 1892.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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