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[air-oo v, er-; Sephardic Hebrew e-roov; Ashkenazic Hebrew ey-roo v] /ˈɛər ʊv, ˈɛr-; Sephardic Hebrew ˈɛ ruv; Ashkenazic Hebrew ˈeɪ rʊv/
noun, plural eruvin
[air-oo-vin, er-; Sephardic Hebrew e-roo-veen; Ashkenazic Hebrew ey-roo -vin] /ˈɛər ʊˌvɪn, ˈɛr-; Sephardic Hebrew ɛ ruˈvin; Ashkenazic Hebrew eɪˈrʊ vɪn/ (Show IPA),
eruvs. Judaism.
any of three rabbinical enactments that ease certain Sabbath restrictions.
a line delineating an area in which Orthodox Jews may carry on certain activities normally forbidden on the Sabbath.
Also, erub.
Origin of eruv
< Hebrew ʿērūbh literally, mixture, mixing Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for eruv
Historical Examples
  • Being the Jewish Sabbath, there was the eruv suspended at the exits of the principal streets.

  • He might not move from where he stood, so long as he held the papers, it being outside the eruv.

    Yiddish Tales Various
British Dictionary definitions for eruv


/ˈɛəruːv; ˈɛruːv/
(Judaism) an area, circumscribed by a symbolic line, within which certain activities forbidden to Orthodox Jews on the Sabbath are permitted
Word Origin
C20: from Hebrew, literally: mixture, mixing
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Contemporary definitions for eruv

a private area for observant Jews in which they can move on the Sabbath without the restrictions on public Sabbath activity

Word Origin

from Hebrew erub 'mixing', for the mixing of public and private activity

Usage Note

plural eruvim's 21st Century Lexicon
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