a suffix of adjectives borrowed from Latin, where it had an inchoative force; often corresponding to verbs in -esce and nouns in -escence: convalescent; recrudescent.

< Latin, stem of -ēscēns, present participle ending Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
suffix forming adjectives
beginning to be, do, show, etc: convalescent; luminescent
[via Old French from Latin -ēscent-, stem of present participial suffix of -ēscere, ending of inceptive verbs]
suffix forming nouns

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