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escudo

[e-skoo-doh; Portuguese es-koo-doo; Spanish es-koo-th aw] /ɛˈsku doʊ; Portuguese ɛsˈku dʊ; Spanish ɛsˈku ðɔ/
noun, plural escudos
[e-skoo-dohz; Portuguese es-koo-doo s; Spanish es-koo-th aws] /ɛˈsku doʊz; Portuguese ɛsˈku dʊs; Spanish ɛsˈku ðɔs/ (Show IPA)
1.
a coin and monetary unit of Cape Verde, equal to 100 centavos.
2.
a former coin and monetary unit of Angola, Guinea-Bissau, and Mozambique.
3.
a former paper money and monetary unit of Chile, equal to 100 condors or 1000 pesos, replaced by the new peso in 1975.
4.
any of various former gold coins of Spain, Spanish America, and Portugal.
5.
a former silver coin of Spain, discontinued in 1868.
Origin
1815-1825
1815-25; < Spanish: shield < Latin scūtum
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for escudo

escudo

/ɛˈskuːdəʊ; Portuguese ɪʃˈkuðu/
noun (pl) -dos (-dəʊz; Portuguese) (-ðuʃ)
1.
the standard monetary unit of Cape Verde, divided into 100 centavos
2.
the former standard monetary unit of Portugal, divided into 100 centavos; replaced by the euro in 2002
3.
a former monetary unit of Chile, divided into 100 centesimos
4.
an old Spanish silver coin worth 10 reals
Word Origin
C19: Spanish, literally: shield, from Latin scūtum
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for escudo
n.

Spanish and Portuguese coin, 1821, from Spanish/Portuguese escudo, from Latin scutum "shield" (see hide (n.1)). Also cf. ecu.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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