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[ih-sof-uh-guh s, ee-sof-] /ɪˈsɒf ə gəs, iˈsɒf-/
noun, plural esophagi
[ih-sof-uh-jahy, gahy, ee-sof-] /ɪˈsɒf əˌdʒaɪ, ˌgaɪ, iˈsɒf-/ (Show IPA).
Anatomy, Zoology
a muscular passage connecting the mouth or pharynx with the stomach in invertebrate and vertebrate animals; gullet.
Origin of esophagus
1350-1400; < New Latin oesophagus < Greek oisophágos gullet, literally, channel for eating (oiso-, akin to oísein, future infinitive of phérein to carry + -phagos eating); replacing Middle English ysophagus < Medieval Latin Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for esophagus
  • Esophageal atresia is a disorder of the digestive system in which the esophagus does not develop properly.
  • It was used to alleviate bleeding varicose veins in the esophagus.
  • The food then goes through the esophagus into the stomach.
  • Then you breath in and the air flow pulls the medicine back down in the esophagus where you swallow the rest.
  • At the same time the neck ribs would have splayed outward, increasing the volume of the esophagus.
  • It is a rare disorder that can be linked to cancers of the esophagus and throat.
  • Baking soda is a time-honored approach to neutralizing stomach acid that has splashed into the esophagus and is causing heartburn.
  • When the lower esophageal sphincter doesn't function properly, acid and food can reflux up from the stomach into the esophagus.
  • After the esophagus is removed, a new conduit for foods and fluids must be created to replace the esophagus.
  • The severity of heartburn does not necessarily indicate actual injury to the esophagus.
British Dictionary definitions for esophagus


noun (pl) -gi (-ˌdʒaɪ), -guses
the US spelling of oesophagus
Derived Forms
esophageal (iːˌsɒfəˈdʒiːəl) adjective


noun (pl) -gi (-ˌɡaɪ)
the part of the alimentary canal between the pharynx and the stomach; gullet
Derived Forms
oesophageal, (US) esophageal (iːˌsɒfəˈdʒiːəl) adjective
Word Origin
C16: via New Latin from Greek oisophagos, from oisein, future infinitive of pherein to carry + -phagos, from phagein to eat
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for esophagus

late 14c., from Greek oisophagos "gullet," literally "what carries and eats," from oisein, future infinitive of pherein "to carry" (see infer) + -phagos, from phagein "to eat" (see -phagous). Related: Esophageal.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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esophagus in Medicine

esophagus e·soph·a·gus or oe·soph·a·gus (ĭ-sŏf'ə-gəs)
n. pl. e·soph·a·gi (-jī', -gī')
The portion of the digestive canal between the pharynx and stomach, consisting of a cervical part from the cricoid cartilage to the thoracic inlet, a thoracic part from the thoracic inlet to the diaphragm, and an abdominal part below the diaphragm to the stomach.

e·soph'a·ge'al (-jē'əl) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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esophagus in Science
Plural esophagi (ĭ-sŏf'ə-jī', -gī')
The muscular tube in vertebrates through which food passes from the pharynx to the stomach.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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esophagus in Culture
esophagus [(i-sof-uh-guhs)]

The muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach and serves as a passageway for food. (See digestive system.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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