esophagus

[ih-sof-uh-guhs, ee-sof-]
noun, plural esophagi [ih-sof-uh-jahy, gahy, ee-sof-] . Anatomy, Zoology.
a muscular passage connecting the mouth or pharynx with the stomach in invertebrate and vertebrate animals; gullet.

Origin:
1350–1400; < Neo-Latin oesophagus < Greek oisophágos gullet, literally, channel for eating (oiso-, akin to oísein, future infinitive of phérein to carry + -phagos eating); replacing Middle English ysophagus < Medieval Latin

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World English Dictionary
esophagus (iːˈsɒfəɡəs)
 
n , pl -gi, -guses
the US spelling of oesophagus
 
esophageal
 
adj

oesophagus or esophagus (iːˈsɒfəɡəs)
 
n , pl -gi
the part of the alimentary canal between the pharynx and the stomach; gullet
 
[C16: via New Latin from Greek oisophagos, from oisein, future infinitive of pherein to carry + -phagos, from phagein to eat]
 
esophagus or esophagus (iːˈsɒfəɡəs, -ˌɡaɪ)
 
n
 
[C16: via New Latin from Greek oisophagos, from oisein, future infinitive of pherein to carry + -phagos, from phagein to eat]
 
oesophageal or esophagus
 
adj
 
esophageal or esophagus
 
adj

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

esophagus
late 14c., from Gk. oisophagos "gullet," lit. "what carries and eats," from oisein, fut. inf. of pherein "to carry" (see infer) + -phagos, from phagein "to eat" (see -phagous). Related: Esophageal.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

esophagus e·soph·a·gus or oe·soph·a·gus (ĭ-sŏf'ə-gəs)
n. pl. e·soph·a·gi (-jī', -gī')
The portion of the digestive canal between the pharynx and stomach, consisting of a cervical part from the cricoid cartilage to the thoracic inlet, a thoracic part from the thoracic inlet to the diaphragm, and an abdominal part below the diaphragm to the stomach.


e·soph'a·ge'al (-jē'əl) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
esophagus   (ĭ-sŏf'ə-gəs)  Pronunciation Key 
Plural esophagi (ĭ-sŏf'ə-jī', -gī')
The muscular tube in vertebrates through which food passes from the pharynx to the stomach.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
esophagus [(i-sof-uh-guhs)]

The muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach and serves as a passageway for food. (See digestive system.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Esophageal atresia is a disorder of the digestive system in which the esophagus
  does not develop properly.
It was used to alleviate bleeding varicose veins in the esophagus.
The food then goes through the esophagus into the stomach.
Then you breath in and the air flow pulls the medicine back down in the
  esophagus where you swallow the rest.
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