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[es-pluh-nahd, -neyd, es-pluh-nahd, -neyd] /ˈɛs pləˌnɑd, -ˌneɪd, ˌɛs pləˈnɑd, -ˈneɪd/
any open, level space, especially one serving for public walks or drives.
Origin of esplanade
1675-85; < French < Italian spianata, noun use of feminine past participle of spianare < Latin explānāre to level; see -ade1 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for esplanade


/ˌɛspləˈneɪd; -ˈnɑːd/
a long open level stretch of ground for walking along, esp beside the seashore Compare promenade (sense 1)
an open area in front of a fortified place, in which attackers are exposed to the defenders' fire
Word Origin
C17: from French, from Old Italian spianata, from spianare to make level, from Latin explānāre; see explain
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for esplanade

1590s, from French esplanade (15c.), from Spanish esplanada "large level area," noun use of fem. past participle of esplanar "make level," from Latin explanare "to level" (see explain). Or perhaps the French word is from or influenced by Italian spianata, from spianare

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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