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etch

[ech] /ɛtʃ/
verb (used with object)
1.
to cut, bite, or corrode with an acid or the like; engrave with an acid or the like, as to form a design in furrows that when charged with ink will give an impression on paper.
2.
to produce (a design, image, etc.) by this method, as on copper or glass.
3.
to outline clearly or sharply; delineate, as a person's features or character.
4.
to fix permanently in or implant firmly on the mind; root in the memory:
Our last conversation is etched in my memory.
5.
Geology. to cut (a feature) into the surface of the earth by means of erosion:
A deep canyon was etched into the land by the river's rushing waters.
verb (used without object)
6.
to practice the art of etching.
noun
7.
Printing. an acid used for etching.
Origin
1625-1635
1625-35; < Dutch etsen < German ätzen to etch, orig. cause to eat; cognate with Old English ettan to graze; akin to eat
Related forms
etcher, noun
unetched, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for etcher

etch

/ɛtʃ/
verb
1.
(transitive) to wear away the surface of (a metal, glass, etc) by chemical action, esp the action of an acid
2.
to cut or corrode (a design, decoration, etc) on (a metal or other plate to be used for printing) by using the action of acid on parts not covered by wax or other acid-resistant coating
3.
(transitive) to cut with or as if with a sharp implement: he etched his name on the table
4.
(transitive; usually passive) to imprint vividly: the event was etched on her memory
Derived Forms
etcher, noun
Word Origin
C17: from Dutch etsen, from Old High German azzen to feed, bite
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for etcher

etch

v.

1630s, "to engrave by eating away the surface of with acids," from Dutch etsen, from German ätzen "to etch," from Old High German azzon "cause to bite, feed," from Proto-Germanic *atjanan, causative of *etanan "eat" (see eat). Related: Etched; etching.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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