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etrog

[es-rohg, -ruh g, et-; Sephardic Hebrew et-rawg; Ashkenazic Hebrew es-rohg] /ˈɛs roʊg, -rəg, ˈɛt-; Sephardic Hebrew ɛtˈrɔg; Ashkenazic Hebrew ɛsˈroʊg/
noun, plural etrogs, etrogim
[Sephardic Hebrew et-raw-geem; Ashkenazic Hebrew es-roh-gim] /Sephardic Hebrew ɛt rɔˈgim; Ashkenazic Hebrew ɛsˈroʊ gɪm/ (Show IPA)
1.
Judaism. a citron for use with the lulav during the Sukkoth festival service.
Also, ethrog, esrog.
Origin
< Hebrew ethrōgh
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Encyclopedia Article for etrog

esrog

one of four species of plants used during the Jewish celebration of Sukkoth (Feast of Booths), a festival of gratitude to God for the bounty of the earth that is celebrated in autumn at the end of the harvest festival. For ritual purposes the etrog must be perfect in stem and body. It is generally placed in an ornate receptacle and was at one time widely used as a symbol of Judaism.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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