etymon

etymon

[et-uh-mon]
noun, plural etymons, etyma [et-uh-muh] .
the linguistic form from which another form is historically derived, as the Latin cor “heart,” which is the etymon of English cordial, or the Indo-European *ḱ (e ) rd-, which is the etymon of Latin cor, Greek kardía, Russian serdtse, and English heart.

Origin:
1560–70; < Latin: the origin of a word < Greek étymon the essential meaning of a word seen in its origin or traced to its grammatical parts (neuter of étymos true, actual, real)

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etymon (ˈɛtɪˌmɒn)
 
n , pl -mons, -ma
a form of a word or morpheme, usually the earliest recorded form or a reconstructed form, from which another word or morpheme is derived: the etymon of English "ewe" is Indo-European "*owi"
 
[C16: via Latin, from Greek etumon basic meaning, from etumos true, actual]

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