# Euclid

## Euclid

[yoo-klid]
noun
1.
flourished c300 b.c, Greek geometrician and educator at Alexandria.
2.
a city in NE Ohio, near Cleveland.
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World English Dictionary
 Euclid (ˈjuːklɪd) —n 1. 3rd century bc, Greek mathematician of Alexandria; author of Elements, which sets out the principles of geometry and remained a text until the 19th century at least 2. the works of Euclid, esp his system of geometry Euclidean —adj Euclidian —adj

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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
 Euclid   (y'klĭd)  Pronunciation Key  Greek mathematician whose book, Elements, was used continuously until the 19th century. In it he organized and systematized all that was known about geometry. Euclid's systematic use of deductions and axioms was widely regarded as a model working method and influenced mathematicians and scientists for over two thousand years.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
Euclid [(yooh-klid)]

An ancient Greek mathematician; the founder of the study of geometry. Euclid's Elements is the basis for modern school textbooks in geometry. One of the basic statements, or postulates, of Euclid's geometry is that if a line and a point separate from it are given, only one line parallel to the first line can pass through the point.

Note: Albert Einstein used other approaches to geometry to derive the theory of relativity. These “non-Euclidean geometries” deny Euclid's postulate about parallel lines.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
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FOLDOC
Computing Dictionary

### Euclid definition

language
(Named after the Greek geometer, fl ca 300 BC.) A Pascal descendant for development of verifiable system software. No goto, no side effects, no global assignments, no functional arguments, no nested procedures, no floats, no enumeration types. Pointers are treated as indices of special arrays called collections. To prevent aliasing, Euclid forbids any overlap in the list of actual parameters of a procedure. Each procedure gives an imports list, and the compiler determines the identifiers that are implicitly imported. Iterators.
Ottawa Euclid is a variant.
["Report on the Programming Language Euclid", B.W. Lampson et al, SIGPLAN Notices 12(2):1-79, Feb 1977].
(1998-11-23)
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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