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mid-15c., from Middle French éviction, from Latin evictionem (nominative evictio) "recovery of one's property," noun of action from past participle stem of evincere (see evict).
mid-15c., "recover (property) by judicial means," from Latin evictus, past participle of evincere "recover property, overcome and expel, conquer," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + vincere "conquer" (see victor). Sense of "expel by legal process" first recorded in English 1530s. Related: Evicted; evicting.