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examine

[ig-zam-in] /ɪgˈzæm ɪn/
verb (used with object), examined, examining.
1.
to inspect or scrutinize carefully:
to examine a prospective purchase.
2.
to observe, test, or investigate (a person's body or any part of it), especially in order to evaluate general health or determine the cause of illness.
3.
to inquire into or investigate:
to examine one's motives.
4.
to test the knowledge, reactions, or qualifications of (a pupil, candidate, etc.), as by questions or assigning tasks.
5.
to subject to legal inquisition; put to question in regard to conduct or to knowledge of facts; interrogate:
to examine a witness; to examine a suspect.
Origin
1275-1325
1275-1325; Middle English < Middle French examiner < Latin exāmināre to weigh, examine, test, equivalent to exāmin- (stem of exāmen examen) + -āre infinitive ending
Related forms
examinable, adjective
examinatorial
[ig-zam-uh-nuh-tawr-ee-uh l, -tohr-] /ɪgˌzæm ə nəˈtɔr i əl, -ˈtoʊr-/ (Show IPA),
adjective
examiner, noun
examiningly, adverb
preexamine, verb (used with object), preexamined, preexamining.
preexaminer, noun
subexaminer, noun
superexaminer, noun
unexaminable, adjective
unexamined, adjective
unexamining, adjective
well-examined, adjective
Synonyms
1. search, probe, explore, study. 3. quiz.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for examine
  • Our study also showed that scientists could rely on computer simulations to help examine fascinating questions in biomechanics.
  • They examine the purchasing patterns of a subculture based on common.
  • Dolphins have an ability to recognize and examine themselves in mirrors, scientists say.
  • Heritability allows us to examine how genetics directly impact an individual's height.
  • He did not examine live specimens, and only a few observers-sailors-have claimed to see the great creatures dueling.
  • It recommends only that the agency further examine the use of hedge-fund strategies.
  • Students will examine their own modern culture and compare it to other cultures around the world.
  • To that end, numerous diagnostic tests have been developed to examine unborn babies.
  • At this point the game expects you to examine your surroundings, and scan a certain object or item to activate the next cut-scene.
  • It may examine land-use issues, such as the store's potential impact on traffic.
British Dictionary definitions for examine

examine

/ɪɡˈzæmɪn/
verb (transitive)
1.
to look at, inspect, or scrutinize carefully or in detail; investigate
2.
(education) to test the knowledge or skill of (a candidate) in (a subject or activity) by written or oral questions or by practical tests
3.
(law) to interrogate (a witness or accused person) formally on oath
4.
(med) to investigate the state of health of (a patient)
Derived Forms
examinable, adjective
examiner, noun
examining, adjective
Word Origin
C14: from Old French examiner, from Latin exāmināre to weigh, from exāmen means of weighing; see examen
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for examine
examine
c.1300, from O.Fr. examiner "to test, to try," from L. examinare "to test or try," from examen "a means of weighing or testing," probably ultimately from exigere "weigh accurately" (see exact). Related: Examined; examining.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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examine in Medicine

examine ex·am·ine (ĭg-zām'ĭn)
v. ex·am·ined, ex·am·in·ing, ex·am·ines

  1. To study or analyze an organic material.

  2. To test or check the condition or health of.

  3. To determine the qualifications, aptitude, or skills of by means of questions or exercises.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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